He served as an official war artist in the Second World War drawing industrial scenes on the British home front. Early life He was born in Streatham, the son of a lawyer who later became a civil servant … Eventually, in 1955, he purchased the villa Tempe à Pailla designed by the Irish architect Eileen Gray at Menton. He divided his last years between Kent, where he had rented the White House in Trottiscliffe (pronounced Trosley) from 1937 and had purchased it after the War, and the South of France, where, in 1955, he had bought a … It is for his surreal, organic oil paintings inspired by the wild coastline of Pembrokeshire that Sutherland is best known. [7] In 1934 he visited Pembrokeshire for the first time and was profoundly inspired by its landscape, and the region remained a source for his paintings for much of the following decade. View Graham Sutherland’s 2,791 artworks on artnet. [13] A number of features reoccur within this body of work, for example, the fallen lift shafts that were often the most recognizable aspect of larger bombed buildings and a double row of bombed houses Sutherland saw in the Silvertown area of the East End. [11] Between 1940 and 1945, Sutherland was employed as a full-time, salaried artist by the War Artists' Advisory Committee. [20] Following the Churchill portrait, Sutherland's portraits of, among others, Konrad Adenauer and the Queen Mother established him as something of an unofficial state portrait painter. Sutherland had first-hand experience of war. Graham Sutherland attended Homefield Preparatory School in Sutton and was then educated at Epsom College, Surrey until 1919. Such was Sutherland's standing in post-war Britain that he was commissioned to design the massive central tapestry in the new Coventry Cathedral, Christ in Glory in the Tetramorph. From 1940 to 1945 he was employed as an Official War Artist, mainly recording the effects of bombing; his poignant pictures of shattered buildings are among the most famous images of the home front. Read more. Following the outbreak of World War Two, Sutherland was appointed an Official War Artist. Streatham 1903 - London 1980 Graham (Vivian) Sutherland was born on August 24, 1903, in Streatham near London. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. Printmaking, mostly of romantic landscapes, dominated Sutherland's work during the 1920s. In London he concentrated on recording the effects of the enemy bombs falling on the East End and the City. [4], In 1955, Sutherland and his wife purchased a property near Nice. A number of portrait commissions in the 1950s proved highly controversial. In 1944, he was commissioned by Walter Hussey (the Vicar of St Matthew's Church, Northampton and an important patron of modern religious art) to paint The Crucifixion (1946). Sutherland visited steel works in Cardiff and Swansea in 1941 and 1942. [1] Sutherland's Portrait of Winston Churchill (1954) greatly upset the sitter, who initially refused to accept its presentation. Graham Sutherland went on to be one of Britain’s most renowned modernists, an official second world war artist and member of the Order of Merit, who eventually felt distinguished enough to found a museum dedicated to himself. [8] These pieces are mainly landscapes, which show an affinity with the work of Paul Nash. Graham Sutherland Dulwich Picture Gallery, London SE21; until 25 September. [8] Oil paintings of the Welsh landscape dominated his first one-man exhibition of paintings held in September 1938 at the Rosenberg and Helft Gallery in London. His work was much inspired by landscape and religion, and he designed the tapestry for the re-built Coventry Cathedral. He started work in Swansea moving through London and the Midlands, Derbyshire, Cornwall and finally Trappes in France. He recorded war work at mines, steel works and quarries in Cornwall, South Wales and Derbyshire, and the devastation of bomb-damaged Cardiff, Swansea, London and northern France. He designed the Christ in Glory in the Tetramorph for Coventry Cathedral. [5] Between 1935 and 1940, he also taught composition and book illustration at Chelsea. Churchill's wife had the painting burnt a year or two later. However, in 1967, for an Italian television documentary, Sutherland visited Pembrokeshire for the first time in over twenty years and became inspired by the landscape to regularly work in the region until his death. Graham Vivian Sutherland OM (24 August 1903 – 17 February 1980) was an English artist who is notable for his work in glass, fabrics, prints and portraits. [22] From 1948 until 1954, Sutherland served as a trustee of the Tate gallery. His work from this period includes two suites of prints The Bees (1976–77) and Apollinaire (1978–79). Roger Berthoud, ‘Sutherland, Graham Vivian (1903–1980)’, Sutherland's Portrait of Winston Churchill, "Secret of Winston Churchill's unpopular Sutherland portrait revealed", "War Artists - World War Two on Canvas and Paper Part One: The Home Front", "Correspondence with Artists, Graham Sutherland", "Winston Churchill, Graham Sutherland (1954)", "The Artist Winston Churchill Loved to Hate", "Graham Sutherland (1903–1980), Venice Biennale participation", 131 paintings by or after Graham Sutherland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Graham_Sutherland&oldid=997868137, Academics of Goldsmiths, University of London, Alumni of Goldsmiths, University of London, People associated with the Tate galleries, People educated at Homefield Preparatory School, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2020, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1962 – Honorary Doctor of Letters, Oxford University, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 16:57. Beginning in 1949, Sutherland painted a number of portraits, with those of Somerset Maugham and Lord Beaverbrook among the most famous. BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Sutherland His portrait of Lord Beaverbrook pictured the newspaper baron as a cunning, reptilian creature. Graham Sutherland: The Crucifixion (St Aidan's) ... During World War II Sutherland was employed as an official artist as part of the War Artists' Scheme. [7], At the start of World War Two, the Chelsea School of Art closed for the duration of the conflict and Sutherland moved to rural Gloucestershire. As early as August 1940 he had been identified by the WAAC, and required to ‘'stand by to make pictures of debris and damage made by air raids'. His reputation eclipsed that of contemporaries including Francis Bacon. Sometimes forms which are often considered threatening in appearance are completely invented and have an organic appearance, as in his work Head III (1953).[24]. Graham Sutherland, who was already a close friend, was invited to become such an artist and in fact, due to his and Kathleen’s worsening economic situation, was persuaded to sub-let their house in Trottiscliffe, Kent and move in with the Clarks at Upton House, Gloucestershire in 1939. Graham Sutherland was born in 1903 in Streatham. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Graham Vivian Sutherland OM (24 August 1903 – 17 February 1980) was an English artist who is notable for his work in glass, fabrics, prints and portraits. Griggs. He was a member of the 1940s neo-Romantic movement and, like the 19th century Romantics, eulogised a natural British landscape untouched by the ravages of industrialisation and war. Works by Sutherland are held in the collections of Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum Wales, Bristol Museum and Art Gallery, Doncaster Museum and Art Gallery, Kirklees Museums and Art Gallery, Herbert Art Gallery and Museum, Manchester Art Gallery, National Portrait Gallery, Norwich Castle Museum and Art Gallery, Northampton Museums and Art Gallery, Pallant House Gallery, Southampton City Art Gallery, The Ingram Collection of Modern British and Contemporary Art, Tenby Museum and Art Gallery, The Fitzwilliam Museum and The Priseman Seabrook Collection. His work is much inspired by landscape and religion, and he designed the tapestry for the re-built Coventry Cathedral. [7] Much of his work from this point until the end of his life incorporates motifs taken from the area, such as the estuaries at Sandy Haven and Picton. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. Sutherland had been a war artist in the Second World War, and was a convert to Roman Catholicism. Sutherland taught at a number of establishments, namely Chelsea School of Art, Ruskin School of Drawing and Fine Art and at Goldsmiths'. [12] Almost all of Sutherland's paintings of bomb damage from the Blitz, either in Wales or in London, are titled Devastation:... and as such form a single body of work reflecting the needs of war-time propaganda, with precise locations not being disclosed and human remains not shown.

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