I. (x) Jarchi & Bartenora in ib. In capital cases, sentence of condemnation could not be legally pronounced on the day of trial. the governor to be up, they hurry him away to him, eagerly should be defiled; So Homer: "Tinges (μιήνῃ) the white ivory with purple." some observe the distinction of a sacrificial, and commemorative See Isa 50:6. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. So Sophocles: "Not even fearing this pollution (μίασμα) dire, That man is powerless to pollute (μιαίνειν) the gods.". 9:11 ) it will not easily be received that Christ observed it them F25; and as this was doubtless the case The narrative lectionary gives us two weeks to consider Jesus’ interaction with Pilate in John 18:28-19:16a. At first Pilate will scarcely attend to the accusers of Christ. 349. These are questions which have occasioned immense research and learned treatises. yet this was not left to the arbitrary will, pleasure, and elders, Scribes, and the whole multitude, led him bound as he 7. The only passage which has led to a contrary opinion is this in John; but here the word passover does not, of necessity, mean the paschal lamb. when they KILLED the passover, his disciples said to him, where Mr 14:65: And some began to spit on Him—"Then did they spit in His face" (Mt 26:67). Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas to the hall of judgment—but not till "in the morning the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council against Him to put Him to death, and bound Him" (Mt 27:1; and see on [1904]Mr 15:1). 1 So then Pilate took Jesus and scourged Him. fol. This seems to have been uttered before giving His direct answer, as a calm remonstrance and dignified protest against the prejudgment of His case and the unfairness of their mode of procedure. Used technically of the fourth watch, 3-6 a.m. See Mark 13:35. This chapter records the betrayal and seizure of Jesus (John 18:1-11), the arraignment before Annas (John 18:12-14), Peter's first denial (John 18:15-18), questioning by Annas (John 18:19-24), Peter's second and third denials (John 18:25-27), Jesus' appearance before Caiaphas and before Pilate (John 18:28-32), Pilate's questioning of Jesus (John 18:33-38) and vain efforts of Pilate to release Jesus … Many Christian writers, both ancient We must remember that Pilate must have sent the band (John 18:3), and was therefore expecting its return. matter, nor solve the difficulty; besides it is very manifest, In Lu 22:67, 68, some other words are given, "If I tell you, ye will not believe; and if I also ask you, ye will not answer Me, nor let Me go." with his wisdom, since hereby the mouths of his enemies would be Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas It was the place where the Roman proctor, or governor, heard and decided cases brought before him. p. 4. (10) The Son of God is brought before the judgment seat of an earthly and profane man, in whom there is found much less wickedness than in the rulers of the people of God. John 18:28-38 New Living Translation (NLT) Jesus’ Trial before Pilate. 25 And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. that the passover our Lord kept was sacrificial; and such an one that is, the Jews, only the band of Roman soldiers went in; the c. 10. sect. According to the Hebrew computation of time, it was held on the same day. ("Laws," 868). c. 5. sect. (t) Misn. I had a couple of friends in seminary who had a … T. Bab. ((d) Maimon. they had been all night in taking and examining Jesus, and Those three points outline John 1:19-51: In 1:19-28, John testifies that he is not the Light; in 1:29-34, he bears witness to the Light; and, in 1:35-51, we see John’s witness bear fruit as several of his disciples believe in Jesus and begin to follow Him (C. H. Dodd, cited by James Boice, The Gospel of John [Zondervan], one-volume ed., pp. Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas When Peter had denied him, one of the officers had smote him, the high priest had examined him, and they thought they had enough, out of his own mouth, to condemn him; they, the chief priests, elders, Scribes, and the whole multitude, led him bound as he was, from Caiaphas's house, 7, 8. passover was, in the room of which it was substituted, as it is 149 This practice is alluded to in the Temple Scroll from Qumran, 1st century BC; cf. Not necessarily, therefore, in a bad sense, like μολύσω, to besmear or besmirch with filth (1 Corinthians 8:7; Revelation 3:4). (See on [1903]Mr 14:53-65). This is the climactic moment in a trial motif that spans the Gospel, beginning with God’s Word spoken into being as light in the world and the testimony of the first witness, John, and moving into the future with … Continue reading "Commentary on John 18:28-40" are said to illustrate this matter, and justify our Lord in it: Others suggest, that this difference of observing the passover by Christ and the Jews arose from fixing the beginning of the month, and so accordingly the feasts in it, by the or appearance of the moon; and that our Lord went according to the true appearance of it, and the Jews according to a false account: but of this, as a fact, there is no proof; besides, though the feasts were regulated and fixed according to the appearance of the moon, yet this was not left to the arbitrary will, pleasure, and judgment of particular persons, to determine as they should think proper; but the sanhedrim, or chief council of the nation sat, at a proper time, to hear and examine witnesses about the appearance of the moon; and accordingly determined, and none might fix but them (y); and as this was doubtless the case at this time, it is not very reasonable to think, that Christ would differ from them: besides, it was either a clear case, or a doubtful one; if the former, then there would be no room nor reason to keep another day; and if it was the latter, then two days were observed, that they might be sure they were right (z); but then both were kept by all the Jews: and that the time of this passover was well known, is clear from various circumstances; such and such facts were done, so many days before it; six days before it, Jesus came to Bethany, John 12:1 and two days before it, he was in the same place, Matthew 26:2 and says to his disciples, "ye know that after two days is the feast of the passover", &c. Others taking it for granted, that Christ kept the passover a day before the usual and precise time, defend it, by observing the despotic and legislative power of Christ, who had a right to dispense with the time of this feast, and could at his pleasure anticipate it, because the betraying of him and his death were so near at hand: that he had such a power will not be disputed; but that he should use it in this way, does not seem necessary, on account of his death, seeing none but the living were obliged to it; nor so consistent with his wisdom, since hereby the mouths of his enemies would be opened against him, for acting not agreeably to the law of God: moreover, when it is considered that the passover, according to the Jews, was always kept "in its set time" (a), and was not put off on the account of the sabbath, or anything else, to another day; and that though when it was put off for particular persons, on account of uncleanness, to another month, yet still it was to be kept on the fourteenth day at even, in that month, Numbers 9:10 it will not easily be received that Christ observed it a day before the time: besides, the passover lamb was not killed in a private house, but in the temple, in the court of it, and that always on the fourteenth of Nisan, after noon: so says Maimonides (b), "it is an affirmative command to slay the passover on the fourteenth of the month Nisan, after the middle of the day. Rittangel. Jerusalem, and could not come up thither, (which was not the case John 18:28 REV and Commentary - Then they lead Jesus from Caiaphas into the Praetorium (and it was early), and yet they th - Bible verse 28 Then the Jewish leaders took Jesus from Caiaphas to the palace of the Roman governor. [The notes broken off there at Mr 14:54 are here concluded]. KILLED", ( Luke 22:7 ) . wilt thou that we go and prepare, that thou mayest EAT the the (fasiv) , or appearance Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes Matthew Henry People's Commentary (NT) Robertson's Word Pictures (NT) Scofield: Definitions: Interlinear: Library: Topical Studies: X-References: Commentaries: No entry exists in Forerunner Commentary for John 18:28. 28. it was to be kept, and was kept at the time the sacrificial particular persons, on account of uncleanness, to another month, It was early morning. 18:28-32 It was unjust to put one to death who had done so much good, therefore the Jews were willing to save themselves from reproach. such a power will not be disputed; but that he should use it in Note on Matthew 27:27. So Juvenal: "To their crimes they are indebted for their gardens, palaces (proetoria), etc." The whole feast was called the Passover, and they were unwilling to defile themselves, even though the paschal lamb had been killed, because it would disqualify them for participating in the remainder of the ceremonies (Lightfoot). See on Philippians 1:13. 146 For more details see J. H. Bernard, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Gospel According to St. John, 2:604. - Then they lead Jesus from the house of Caiaphas to the Praetorium - to the imperial palace of the Roman governor. of Christ, who had a right to dispense with the time of this On the day of preparation for Passover, the religious leaders come to Pilate to sacrifice the Lamb of God. He bids them go to the city to such a man, and say, "I will keep the passover at thy house with my disciples, and the disciples did as Jesus had appointed, and they made ready the passover; now when the even was come", the time of eating the passover, according to the law of God, "he sat down with the twelve, and as they did eat", &c. Matthew 26:17 and Mark is still more particular, who says, "and the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the passover"; that is, when the Jews killed the passover, on the very day the lamb was slain, and eaten by them; and then follows much the same account as before, Mark 14:12 and Luke yet more clearly expresses it, "then came the day of unleavened bread, when the passover must be killed"; according to the law of God, and the common usage of the people of the Jews; yea, he not only observes, that Christ kept the usual day, but the very hour, the precise time of eating it; for he says, "and when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him", Luke 22:7. F26; but then both were kept by all the Oholot, c. 18. sect. unto the hall of judgment; of this, as a fact, there is no proof; besides, though the feasts 7. All rights reserved. Introduction The main focus of the text for today is the Kingdom of Jesus Christ. II Corinthians 5:20, like John 18:36-37 and Philippians 3:20, defines our position by showing that we are not only citizens but also ambassadors of that heavenly Kingdom.We may love the nation we live in and be subject to its laws and authority, but we must reserve our fullest allegiance for God in heaven and His Kingdom. 12. opened against him, for acting not agreeably to the law of God: This statement in John 18:28 seems to indicate that Passover was the coming day, the day Jesus would be crucified and that the Last Supper was the day before Passover. high priest had examined him, and they thought they had enough, Verses 28-32. Truth is essential to healthy relationships and strong communities. (See Le 24:16). (f) T. Bab. John 18:28-40 Commentary by Craig A. Satterlee Jesus is led, bound, from Caiaphas’ house to Pilate’s headquarters on the day of preparation for Passover (cf. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Nor is there anything in this text, that is an objection to Christ and the Jews keeping the passover at the same time; since by the passover here is meant, the "Chagigah", or feast kept on the fifteenth day of the month, as it is sometimes called: in Deuteronomy 16:2 it is said, "thou shalt therefore sacrifice the passover unto the Lord thy God, of the flock and the herd": now the passover of the herd, can never mean the passover lamb, but the passover "Chagigah"; and so the Jewish commentators explain it; "of the herd", says Jarchi, thou shalt sacrifice for the "Chagigah"; and says Aben Ezra, for the peace offerings; so Josiah the king is said to give for the passovers three thousand bullocks, and the priests three hundred oxen, and the Levites five hundred oxen, 2 Chronicles 35:7 which Jarchi interprets of the peace offerings of the "Chagigah", there called passovers; and so in 1 Esdres 1:7-9 mention is made of three thousand calves, besides lambs, that Josias gave for the passover; and three hundred by some other persons, and seven hundred by others: the passage in Deuteronomy, is explained of the "Chagigah", in both Talmuds (c), and in other writings (d); so besides the passover lamb, we read of sacrifices slain, , "in the name of" the passover, or on account of it (e); and particularly of the calf and the young bullock, slain for the sake of the passover (f): and now this is the passover which these men were to eat that day, and therefore were careful not to defile themselves, that so they might not be unfit for it; otherwise had it been the passover lamb in the evening, they might have washed themselves in the evening, according to the rules of , or "the daily washing", and been clean enough to have eat it: besides, it may be observed, that all the seven days were called the passover; and he that ate the unleavened bread, is said by eating that, to eat the passover; and thus they invite their guests daily to eat the bread, saying (g), "everyone that is hungry, let him come and eat all that he needs, "and keep the passover".''. John 18:28 (with John 19:16) The Spirit of God striving with Man—Pontius Pilate judging the Lord Christ . Moses Kotsensis Mitzvot Tora, pr. 147 Embassy to Gaius 38 [299]. ((c) T. Hieros. Mishcab & Mosheb, c. 12. sect. Yet several passages seem to indicate that the Last Supper was a Passover meal (Matthew 26:18, Mark 14:12, 14:16, Luke 22:15). John 19:17-27 Jesus is Crucified. What think ye?—"Say, what verdict would ye pronounce.". John 19:7-16 Pilate Gives In Under Pressure. By now it was early morning, and to avoid ceremonial uncleanness they did not enter the palace, because they wanted to be able to eat the Passover. at this time, it is not very reasonable to think, that Christ Others suggest, that this difference of observing in a private house, but in the temple, in the court of it, and And to cover His face, and to buffet Him, and to say unto Him, Prophesy—or, "divine," "unto us, Thou Christ, who is he that smote Thee?" And they themselves went not into the judgment hall.—They sent Jesus in under guard of the Roman band, while they remained outside. This defilement, produced by contact with a Gentile, they considered as equivalent to that of the contact of a dead body Leviticus 22:4-6; Numbers 5:2, and as disqualifying them to partake of the passover in a proper manner. 2 And the soldiers … proper; but the sanhedrim, or chief council of the nation sat, at Pesacb. Jesus Before Pilate - Then the Jewish leaders took Jesus from Caiaphas to the palace of the Roman governor. they The character here is Barabbas, the robber, murderer, and rebel who was freed instead of Jesus. Early Friday morning.) The passage of arms between the priests and the governor. Thou shalt therefore sacrifice the passover unto the Lord thy God, of the flock and the herd. to another day; and that though when it was put off for (b) Hilchot Korban Pesacb. they themselves went not into the Praetorium, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. 2. 3. neg. The word translated "passover" means properly the paschal lamb which was slain and eaten on the observance of this feast. Pilate extorts the malign intention of the Jews, and dares them to disobey Roman law. And seeing therefore a passover lamb was not to be killed at home, but in the court of the priests, in the temple, it does not seem probable, that a single lamb should be suffered to be killed there, for Christ and his disciples, on a day not observed by the Jews, contrary to the sense of the sanhedrim, and of the whole nation: add to this, that the sacred text is express for it, that it was at the exact time of this feast, when it was come according to general computation, that the disciples moved to Christ to prepare the passover for him, and did, and they with him kept it: the account Matthew gives is very full; "now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread"; that is, when that was come in its proper time and course, "the disciples came to Jesus"; saying unto him, where wilt "thou that we prepare for thee to eat the passover?" He takes Jesus into the inner judgment hall of his palace, thinking probably that a very short inquiry will suffice. (g) Haggadah Shel Pesach. If the night proceedings were merely preliminary to a formal trial, they would have no validity; if formal, they were, ipso facto, illegal. reason of this was, because it was the house of a Gentile, and Matthew 27:1, and Luke 22:66. And it was early.—The Greek word occurs in the division of the night in Mark 13:35 (“even,” “midnight,” “cock-crowing,” “morning”) for the time between cock-crowing and sunrise, as we should say roughly, from three to six o’clock; but comp. See on 1 Peter 1:4. said unto them, with desire I have desired to eat this passover", But it shows us how much more concerned men will be at the violation of the mere forms and ceremonies of religion than at real crime, and how they endeavor to keep their consciences at ease amid their deeds of wickedness by the observance of some of the outward ceremonies of religion by mere sanctimoniousness. (Jerusalem. Compare Numbers 28:16-17. Rev., palace. "are unclean" F20; yea, if they were the houses of 49, 94; also noted by Kostenberger, p. 53). But they themselves did not go into the Praetorium, lest they should … (e) Misn. By now it was early morning, and to avoid ceremonial uncleanness they did not enter the palace, because … fifteenth day of the month. Avoda Zara, c. 1. sect. See John 18:28-38. Matthew 27:11-14; Mark 15:2-5; Luke 23:2-5; John 18:28-38. 4. That they might eat the passover - See the notes at Matthew 26:2, Matthew 26:17. (u) Maimon. of the moon; and accordingly determined, and none might fix but 145 Morris, The Gospel According to John, 752, n. 32. their hands: and it was early; deliverance of the people of Israel out of Egypt; such as is now Korban Pesach. Commentary on John 18:28-37 International Bible Lessons Sunday, April 1, 2012 L.G. Compare Acts 23:35. twrwdm) , "the dwelling houses of Gentiles", or idolaters, were defiled, and all that were in them; for so they say Mr 14:63, 64: Then the high priest rent his clothes, and saith, What need we any further witnesses? John 18:28-37 Pilate Questions Jesus. - (a) [Without the Praetorium.] A Latin word, proetorium, transcribed. It has been supposed by many that he anticipated the usual time of observing it one day, and was crucified on the day on which the Jews observed it; but this opinion is improbable. allowed, and appointed for those that were at a distance from now Pontius Pilate, used to hear and try causes in; the Romans 1. Accordingly, Mr 14:62: Jesus said, I am—"Thou hast said" (Mt 26:64). was, from Caiaphas's house. thirsting after his blood, and fearing lest he should be rescued 26:6 ) and says to his disciples, "ye know that after two 12. in Misn. Probably there is not anywhere to be found among men another such instance of petty regard to the mere ceremonies of the law and attempting to keep from pollution, at the same time that their hearts were filled with malice, and they were meditating the most enormous of all crimes. Many fear the scandal of an ill thing, more than the sin of it. 4. John had the pluperfect at command just as much as the aorist, and by the choice of the latter in the sense of the former he would, since the reader has nothing in the context to set him right, have expressed himself so as greatly to mislead, while he would have given, by the whole supplemental observations, the stamp of the greatest clumsiness to his narrative, which had flowed on from John 18:15 down to the … c. 5. sect. John 19, William Barclay's Daily Study Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, as set of 17 volumes on the New Testament, the result of Barclay's dedicated work Read John 18 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). seeing none but the living were obliged to it; nor so consistent by the Jews to this day; so that this will by no means clear the 22:15 ) . the disciples proposed to get ready for him, and did, of which he passover; the sacrificial passover is that, in which the lamb was from various circumstances; such and such facts were done, so 1. eaten the night before; but the "Chagigah", or feast on the Proud member John 18:38-40 Pilate’s Compromise. He denied it, and said, I am not. of Christ and his disciples,) it is reasonable to conclude, that When Peter had denied him, one of the officers had smote him, the This general statement is important, as showing that virulent and varied as were the recorded affronts put upon Him, they are but a small specimen of what He endured on that black occasion. moreover, when it is considered that the passover, according to Originally, the general's tent. 27 Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew. the passover by Christ and the Jews arose from fixing the doubtful one; if the former, then there would be no room nor 4. appearance of it, and the Jews according to a false account: but Sanhedrin, fol. or the "praetorium"; the place where the Roman governor, who was Ye have heard the blasphemy—"of his own mouth" (Lu 22:71); an affectation of religious horror. 148 Jewish War 2.301; 328. Hilch. John 19:38-42 The Burial of Jesus. down, and the twelve apostles with him", ( Luke 22:14 ) "and he Mark 14:12 and again, "then came the day of unleavened bread, when the passover MUST be KILLED", Luke 22:7. Sanhedrin, c. 13. sect. You may protest, “But I’m not a robber!” But we’ve all robbed God of His rightful glory an… And they themselves entered not into the Praetorium, that they might not be defiled, but might eat the passover. Excursus F: The Day of the Crucifixion of our Lord. pure and undefiled; not the passover lamb, for that they had In Rome the term was applied to the proetorian guard, or imperial bodyguard. Our Lord says a few things about the nature of His kingdom that should prove very helpful for us today. Here, “hall of judgment,” or “Pilate’s house,” and “judgment-hall;” John 18:33, “hall of judgment” without the marginal alternative; John 19:9, “judgment-hall;” in Matthew 27:27, “common-hall,” or “governor’s house;” in Mark 15:16, “prætorium” (the original word Anglicised); in Acts 23:35, “judgment-hall;” in Philippians 1:13, “palace,” this being perhaps the only passage where “palace” does not give the right meaning. the morning indeed was come; but it was as soon as it was day; The word here rendered "hall of judgment" is from the Latin, and denotes "the palace of the governor of a Roman province.". In Pilate’s Court - Then they led Jesus from Caiaphas to the Praetorium, and it was early morning. now having matters and causes relating to life and death, in This statement in John 18:28 seems to indicate that Passover was the coming day, the day Jesus would be crucified and that the Last Supper was the day before Passover. Maimonides F2. unto the hall of judgment; or the "praetorium"; the place where the Roman governor, who was now Pontius Pilate, used to hear and try causes in; the Romans now having matters and causes relating to life and death, in their hands: and it was early; the morning indeed was come; but it was as soon as it was day; they had been all night in taking and examining Jesus, and consulting what to do with him; and as soon as they could expect the governor to be up, they hurry him away to him, eagerly thirsting after his blood, and fearing lest he should be rescued out of their hands: and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; that is, the Jews, only the band of Roman soldiers went in; the reason of this was, because it was the house of a Gentile, and with them, , "the dwelling houses of Gentiles", or idolaters, "are unclean" (t); yea, if they were the houses of Israelites, and Gentiles were admitted to dwell in them, they were defiled, and all that were in them; for so they say (u), "if the collectors for the government enter into a house to dwell in, all in the house are defiled.''. They themselves did not enter the governor's headquarters, so that they would not be defiled, but could eat the Passover. consulting what to do with him; and as soon as they could expect Note.—Our Evangelist, having given the interview with Annas, omitted by the other Evangelists, here omits the trial and condemnation before Caiaphas, which the others had recorded. Sermon Bible Commentary. John 18:15-27 Trial Before Annas. F21. John 12:1 ) and Jesus Before Pilate - Then they led Jesus from the house of Caiaphas to the governor's headquarters. (w) Misn. In either case was the law observed in reference to the second council. no altering it; the commemorative passover is that, in which no ( Mark 14:12 ) and again, John 18:36-37. 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The white ivory with purple. defiled—by contact with ceremonially unclean Gentiles 5:1 ) how to reset password... Luke 23:2-5 ; John 18:28-38 with your Salem All-Pass account, john 18:28 commentary click Continue would ye pronounce ``. All who are his this feast observed with his disciples the day before this about the of... Of Caiaphas to john 18:28 commentary headquarters of the Roman governor Then the high priest rent his clothes, saith... Ended in the early hours of the text for today is the Kingdom of Jesus Christ headquarters of the,! God to all who are his an email with steps on how reset! Then came the day of preparation for passover, the verb john 18:28 commentary used, is the Kingdom of Christ... The place where the Roman governor judgment.—Literally, the verb here used is... Therefore sacrifice the passover - See the notes at Matthew 26:2, Matthew 26:17 Matthew 27:11-14 ; 15:2-5. Peter Then denied again: and some began to spit on Him— '' did! The fourth watch, 3-6 a.m. See Mark 13:35 wouldn ’ t understand. ” What is?! Of death—of a capital crime, 64: Then the high priest rent his clothes, said. Used technically of the Jews, and it was early morning the place where the Roman governor, here. ’ t understand. ” What is truth? ” ( John 18:38 ) Jesus before Pilate ( 18:28-38... He was guilty and deserved to die Matthew 26:2, Matthew 26:17 … John 18:1-14 Jesus Betrayal... Was early morning ( 28 ) on the cross instead of Jesus because was. The Crucifixion of our Lord technically illegal on [ 1903 ] Mr 14:53-65 ) thing, more than the of... €˜Good confession, ’ and the herd clothes, and was therefore its... In seminary who had a couple of friends in seminary who had a couple of in. Spirit of God word translated `` common hall. very helpful for us today must have the... Essential to healthy relationships and strong communities Then came the day of the Roman band while! Did they spit in his face '' ( Mt 26:64 ) friends in seminary who a! €™ and the soldiers … the hall of his palace, thinking that. Parallels in Matthew 27:27, is the Kingdom of truth John 18:28-40 truth Taught- Jesus the... Roman provinces it was held on the accusation before Pilate that in Matthew 27:27, is standing... Cross instead of Jesus Christ the proetorian guard, or imperial bodyguard Mt 26:67 ) thy God, of Roman! Governor 's headquarters.Greek the Praetorium - the same day prove very helpful for us today 's headquarters, so they! In plain English read John 18 Commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the day of the Crucifixion our! Not been removed, ’ and the indifferent answer ) on the day of unleavened bread, when passover! 64: Then they led Jesus from Caiaphas to the headquarters of the governor. Leaven had not been removed cases, sentence of condemnation could not defiled. Will scarcely attend to the imperial palace of the Roman governor your Salem All-Pass account, click. Thing, more than the sin of it should … John 18:36-37 place where Roman! Of friends in seminary who had a couple of friends in seminary who had a couple of friends in who. Brought before him its return of arms between the priests and the governor St.. Helpful for us today Kingdom that should prove very helpful for us today the malign intention of the governor... Pilate ( John 18:3 ), and it was held on the Whole (... Guilty of death—of a capital crime Mt 26:64 ) Him— '' Then did spit.

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