4th victim dies after gunman's attacks in Illinois. The physical freedom that the Hebrews achieved at the Exodus from Egypt was only the beginning of a process that climaxed with the spiritual freedom they gained at the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai. Passover, Hebrew Pesaḥ, or Pesach, in Judaism, holiday commemorating the Hebrews’ liberation from slavery in Egypt and the “passing over” of the forces of destruction, or the sparing of the firstborn of the Israelites, when the Lord “smote the land of Egypt” on the eve of the Exodus. Many aspects of Passover have a symbolic meaning. Passover pointed toward Jesus as the Lamb of God, whose death and shed blood would protect those who trust Him as their Savior from death. [27] However, due to leap months falling after the vernal equinox, Passover sometimes starts on the second full moon after vernal equinox, as in 2016. Passover is a spring festival, so the 15th day of Nisan typically begins on the night of a full moon after the northern vernal equinox. Many families use the afikoman as a device for keeping the children awake and alert throughout the Seder proceedings by hiding the afikoman and offering a prize for its return. History of the Jews in the Byzantine Empire, Talmud's introduction to checking for chametz and defining, due to restrictions in place during Shabbat, groups claiming affiliation with Israelites, Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, "King James Bible Borrowed From Earlier Translation", "The Enigmatic Origins of the Words of the Passover Seder", "Ultra Orthodox burn leavened food before Passover", "Get Out of Town: Your Guide to Kosher Travel", "The Laws Concerning the Thirty Days before Passover", "As Passover Nears, These Rabbis Are Getting Out Their Blowtorches", "Thought For Food: An Overview of the Seder", https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/1000452/jewish/Chol-Hamoed.htm, https://forward.com/food/134439/the-perfect-borscht/, "YomTov, Vol. Audience participation and interaction is the rule, and many families' seders last long into the night with animated discussions and much singing. This is a story known as the Exodus. It is a literal translation of the Hebrew term. Note that if the 14th of Nisan is Shabbat, many of the below will be celebrated on the 13th instead due to restrictions in place during Shabbat. On the night of the fourteenth of Nisan, the night before the Passover Seder (after nightfall on the evening before Passover eve), Jews do a formal search in their homes known as bedikat chametz for any possible remaining leaven (chametz). [8] Hyssop was employed to daub the blood of a slaughtered sheep on the lintels and door posts to ensure that demonic forces could not enter the home. In the Temple, the Levites sang Hallel while the priests performed the sacrificial service. [11] Other scholars, John Van Seters, J.B.Segal and Tamara Prosic disagree with the merged two-festivals hypothesis.[12]. … The questions asked by the child are: Often the leader of the seder and the other adults at the meal will use prompted responses from the Haggadah, which states, "The more one talks about the Exodus from Egypt, the more praiseworthy he is." Reform Judaism observes Passover over seven days, with the first and last days being major holidays. Matzo has also been called Lechem Oni (Hebrew: "bread of poverty"). Is not the ruthlessness of the Egyptian Pharaoh surpassed by the sadism of the Nazi dictators?And yet, even in this hour of disaster and degradation, it is still helpful to "visualize oneself among those who had gone forth out of Egypt." It is a Spring festival that begins on the 15th day of Nisan, the first month of the Jewish calendar. Learn Religions. Batter is fried like thin crepes, which are stacked, rolled up and sliced into ribbons. Before midnight on the 15th of Nisan they were to consume the lamb. They use this opportunity to speak about the Splitting of the Sea to their disciples, and sing songs of praise to God. The biblical requirements of slaying the Paschal lamb in the individual homes of the Hebrews and smearing the blood of the lamb on their doorways were celebrated in Egypt. How Do I Search for Chametz Before Passover. The matzoh represents the haste in which the Israelites left Egypt, and the red wine or grape juice represents the blood of sacrifices and male circumcision. For Judaism, this is Jerusalem.[20]. Primarily among Chabad Chassidim, there is a custom of not eating matzoh (flat unleavened bread) in the 30 days before Passover begins. It is traditional for Jewish families to gather on the first night of Passover (first two nights in Orthodox and Conservative communities outside Israel) for a special dinner called a seder (Hebrew: סדר seder – derived from the Hebrew word for "order" or "arrangement", referring to the very specific order of the ritual). The historic "Paschal lamb" Passover sacrifice (Korban Pesach) has not been brought following the Romans' destruction of the Second Jewish temple approximately two thousand years ago, and it is therefore still not part of the modern Jewish holiday. The baking of matzo is labor-intensive,[39] as less than 18 minutes is permitted between the mixing of flour and water to the conclusion of baking and removal from the oven. [31][32][33] Karaites use a different version of the Jewish calendar, differing from that used with modern Jewish calendar by one or two days. God gave specific instructions for His people to observe rituals of remembrance for a whole week. James B. Prichard, ed., The Ancient Near East – An Anthology of Texts and Pictures, Volume 1, Princeton University Press, 1958, p. 278. Before this final plague Yahweh commands Moses to tell the Israelites to mark a lamb's blood above their doors in order that Yahweh will pass over them (i.e., that they will not be touched by the death of the firstborn). Are not their lives embittered by complete disenfranchisement and forced labor? [53] Other scholars teach that in the time of the Exodus, matzo was commonly baked for the purpose of traveling because it preserved well and was light to carry (making it similar to hardtack), suggesting that matzo was baked intentionally for the long journey ahead. [25] Philo states that the banquet included hymns and prayers.[26]. Are not our hapless brethren in the German Reich eating "the bread of affliction"? If the family was too small to finish eating the entire offering in one sitting, an offering was made for a group of families. The 15th day begins in the evening, after the 14th day, and the seder meal is eaten that evening. [9], A further hypothesis maintains that, once the Priestly Code was promulgated, the Exodus narrative took on a central function, as the apotropaic rite was, arguably, amalgamated with the Canaanite agricultural festival of spring which was a ceremony of unleavened bread, connected with the barley harvest. Children have a very important role in the Passover seder. Conservative Jews follow these rituals carefully, though more progressive or reform Jews may practice a more relaxed observance. According to the Midrash, only the Pharaoh was spared to give testimony to the miracle that occurred. In Hebrew … Pelaia, Ariela. Jews are instructed to eat foods that follow specific preparation rules that make them kosher for Passover. "What Is Passover (Pesach)?" is a playful song, testing the general knowledge of the children (and the adults). After the Hallel, the fourth glass of wine is drunk, and participants recite a prayer that ends in "Next year in Jerusalem!". Maror (bitter herbs) symbolizes the bitterness of slavery in Egypt. However, strangely enough, none of this taking of responsibility gets done without groaning. The seder is replete with questions, answers, and unusual practices (e.g. Because the house is assumed to have been thoroughly cleaned by the night before Passover, there is some concern that making a blessing over the search for chametz will be in vain (bracha l'vatala) if nothing is found. [66] This holiday commemorates the day the Children of Israel reached the Red Sea and witnessed both the miraculous "Splitting of the Sea" (Passage of the Red Sea), the drowning of all the Egyptian chariots, horses and soldiers that pursued them. When the Temple in Jerusalem stood, the paschal lamb was offered and eaten on Passover eve, while the wave offering of barley was offered on the second day of the festival. There is a Rabbinic requirement that four cups of wine are to be drunk during the seder meal. [42], Some hotels, resorts, and even cruise ships across America, Europe, and Israel also undergo a thorough housecleaning to make their premises "kosher for Pesach" to cater to observant Jews. The most important ritual is the Passover meal, also known as the Seder. [62], Passover cake recipes call for potato starch or Passover cake flour made from finely granulated matzo instead of regular flour, and a large amount of eggs to achieve fluffiness. Consequently, only a small number of matzos can be baked at one time, and the chabura members are enjoined to work the dough constantly so that it is not allowed to ferment and rise. And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD; seven days ye shall eat unleavened bread. According to Exodus 12:29, God struck down all Egyptian firstborns while the Israelites were not affected. Some suggest that it represents followers assuming a humble, subservient attitude for Passover—in other words, to be slave-like in the face of God. Every family large enough to completely consume a young lamb or wild goat was required to offer one for sacrifice at the Jewish Temple on the afternoon of the 14th day of Nisan (Numbers 9:11), and eat it that night, which was the 15th of Nisan (Exodus 12:6). New York, Sarna, Nahum M. (1986) "Exploring Exodus". Passover is a holiday that has certain dietary restrictions associated with it. It is also stipulated that its observance should differ from the feast of Passover which is celebrated by the Jews, and he stated that Muslims should fast for two days instead of one, either on the 9th and 10th day or on the 10th and 11th day of Muharram.[75]. The first Christians were Jews, and as such, continued to worship in synagogues and partake in many Jewish customs. These sources also indicate that "between the two evenings" was taken to mean the afternoon. The eight-day festival of Passover is celebrated in the early spring, from the 15th through the 22nd of the Hebrew month of Nissan, April 8 - April 16, 2020. Many households add their own commentary and interpretation and often the story of the Jews is related to the theme of liberation and its implications worldwide. [37] During the existence of the Tabernacle and later the Temple in Jerusalem, the focus of the Passover festival was the Passover sacrifice (Hebrew: korban Pesach), also known as the Paschal lamb, eaten during the Passover Seder on the 15th of Nisan. The name derives from the story of God's angel of death "passing over" the homes of Hebrews when God sent the tenth plague upon the Egyptians, the killing of the first-born children. The Passover begins on the 15th day of the month of Nisan, which typically falls in March or April of the Gregorian calendar. Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in the United States, which often represent the major celebrations of the month. The tenth plague is where the Jewish holiday of Passover derives its name because while the Angel of Death visited Egypt, it "passed over" Hebrew homes, which had been marked with lamb's blood on the doorposts. To ensure that Passover did not start before spring, the tradition in ancient Israel held that the first day of Nisan would not start until the barley was ripe, being the test for the onset of spring. On the morning of the 14th of Nisan, any leavened products that remain in the householder's possession, along with the 10 morsels of bread from the previous night's search, are burned (s'rayfat chametz). [37][45], There are also variations with restrictions on eating matzah before Passover so that there will be an increased appetite for it during Passover itself. In many Orthodox Jewish communities, men traditionally gather in groups ("chaburas") to bake handmade matzo for use at the Seder, the dough being rolled by hand, resulting in a large and round matzo. Jewish people celebrate Passover to celebrate their people's liberation from slavery. Passover (Pesach) is celebrated each spring, and is one of the most important Jewish holidays. Jews celebrate the Feast of Passover (Pesach in Hebrew) to commemorate the … However, due to leap months falling after the vernal equinox, Passover sometimes starts on the second full moon after vernal equinox, as in 2016. Passover is one of the most widely celebrated Jewish holidays. On the day preceding the first Passover seder (or on Thursday morning preceding the seder, when the first seder falls on Motza'ei Shabbat), firstborn sons are commanded to celebrate the Fast of the Firstborn which commemorates the salvation of the Hebrew firstborns. The main entity in Passover according to Judaism is the sacrificial lamb. Passover celebrates the Jews' salvation from slavery in Egypt through God. The Last Supper, before Jesus was arrested and put to death, was a Passover meal. Four days before the Exodus, the Hebrews were commanded to set aside a lamb (Exodus 12:3), and inspect it daily for blemishes. [50] When the first Seder is on a Saturday night, the search is conducted on the preceding Thursday night (thirteenth of Nisan) as chametz cannot be burned during Shabbat. Josephus, Antiquities 3.250–251, in Josephus IV Jewish Antiquities Books I–IV, Loeb Classical Library, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1930, pp. The blood of the lamb represented a false deity of Egypt. The distinction between the Omer offering – a measure of barley, typically animal fodder – and the Shavuot offering – two loaves of wheat bread, human food – symbolizes the transition process. To show his power, Yahweh inflicts a series of 10 plagues on the Egyptians, culminating in the 10th plague, the death of the first-born. What Is Passover (Pesach)? During the fourth part of the Seder, called Yachatz, the leader breaks the middle piece of matzo into two. The fast is celebrated in order to commemorate the day when Moses and his followers were saved from Pharaoh by God by creating a path in the Red Sea (The Exodus). This custom is said to derive from the part of the Passover story in which the Hebrew slaves fled Egypt so quickly that their bread didn't have time to rise. Some of these details can be corroborated, and to some extent amplified, in extrabiblical sources. During the day on the 14th of Nisan, they were to slaughter the animal and use its blood to mark their lintels and door posts. The Passover Seder commemorates the events of the Jewish experience in Egypt – from their enslavement to the miraculous events of the Exodus. (Leviticus 23:5–8), The sacrifices may be performed only in a specific place prescribed by God. The Torah says that it is because the Hebrews left Egypt with such haste that there was no time to allow baked bread to rise; thus flat, unleavened bread, matzo, is a reminder of the rapid departure of the Exodus. Passover is a feast that commemorates the Lord passing over the Israelites when He struck all the firstborn of Egypt with death. The Mishnah says (Pes. Targum Onkelos translates pesach as ve-yeiḥos (Hebrew: וְיֵחוֹס we-yēḥôs) "he had pity" coming from the Hebrew root חסה meaning to have pity.[4]. Thus, bagels, waffles and pancakes made with baking soda and matzo meal are considered permissible, while bagels made with sourdough and pancakes and waffles made with yeast are prohibited.[41]. A special cutting tool is run over the dough just before baking to prick any bubbles which might make the matza puff up;[55] this creates the familiar dotted holes in the matzo. Rabbi Philip R. Alstat, an early leader of Conservative Judaism, known for his fiery rhetoric and powerful oratory skills, wrote and spoke in 1939 about the power of the Passover story during the rise of Nazi persecution and terror:[70]. Observant families may keep an entire set of dishes and cookware that are never used for cooking chametz and reserved only for Passover meals.​, In the Ashkenazi tradition, corn, rice, millet, and legumes are also on the forbidden list. There are several explanations for this. The story appears in Exodus in … Still others celebrate it after sunset, at which time it would be the 15th of Nisan, the time in which the Israelites ate the Passover meal (for example see Exodus 12:8). Thus, 10 morsels of bread or cereal smaller than the size of an olive are traditionally hidden throughout the house in order to ensure that some chametz will be found. Today, in the absence of the Temple, when no sacrifices are offered or eaten, the mitzvah of the Korban Pesach is memorialized in the Seder Korban Pesach, a set of scriptural and Rabbinic passages dealing with the Passover sacrifice, customarily recited after the Mincha (afternoon prayer) service on the 14th of Nisan,[38] and in the form of the zeroa, a symbolic food placed on the Passover Seder Plate (but not eaten), which is usually a roasted shankbone (or a chicken wing or neck). Bad news: I'm 75. Pesach marks the birth of the Jewish people as a nation led by Moshe (Moses) over 3000 years ago. Bonfires were lit on Nov. 5, 1605, to celebrate the safety of the King. The biblical commandments concerning the Passover (and the Feast of Unleavened Bread) stress the importance of remembering: In 2 Kings 23:21–23 and 2 Chronicles 35:1–19, King Josiah of Judah restores the celebration of the Passover, to a standard not seen since the days of the judges or the days of the prophet Samuel.[21]. Thereafter all are permitted, publicly or individually, to begin harvest.[59]. There will be loud wailing throughout Egypt – worse than there has ever been or ever will be again.". Following the destruction of the Second Temple and its altar in Jerusalem, we have been unable to celebrate Passover completely, without the sacrifice the Passover … Outside the Land of Israel, in the Jewish diaspora, Shvi'i shel Pesach is celebrated on both the seventh and eighth days of Passover. Passover lasts for eight days. It gives stability and equilibrium to the spirit. The Passover celebrations then continued in the Second Temple, until it was destroyed by the Romans more than 400 years later. The Passover Celebration is very significant for the believer. When the Temple stood in Jerusalem, a sheaf of new-cut barley was presented before the altar on the second day of Unleavened Bread. [citation needed], The "Second Passover" (Pesach Sheni) on the 14th of Iyar in the Hebrew Calendar is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible's Book of Numbers (Numbers 9:6–13) as a make-up day for people who were unable to offer the pesach sacrifice at the appropriate time due to ritual impurity or distance from Jerusalem. It is customary to turn off the lights and conduct the search by candlelight, using a feather and a wooden spoon: candlelight effectively illuminates corners without casting shadows; the feather can dust crumbs out of their hiding places; and the wooden spoon which collects the crumbs can be burned the next day with the chametz. The consumption, keeping, and owning of chametz is forbidden during Passover. [39] Alternatively, the children are allowed to "steal" the afikoman and demand a reward for its return. Passover is a celebration of spring, of birth and rebirth, of a journey from slavery to freedom, and of taking responsibility for yourself, the community, and the world. [43], Some scholars suggest that the command to abstain from leavened food or yeast suggests that sacrifices offered to God involve the offering of objects in "their least altered state", that would be nearest to the way in which they were initially made by God. Any containers or implements that have touched chametz are stored and not used during Passover. Although these are defined in English as leavening agents, they leaven by chemical reaction, not by biological fermentation. Men and women were equally obligated regarding the offering (Pesahim 91b). Matzo may be made by machine or by hand. For families with Eastern European backgrounds, borsht, a soup made with beets, is a Passover tradition. The head of the household repeats the declaration of biyur chametz, declaring any chametz that may not have been found to be null and void "as the dust of the earth": Should more chametz actually be found in the house during the Passover holiday, it must be burnt as soon as possible. 437–439. Unlike chametz, which can be eaten any day of the year except during Passover, kosher for Passover foods can be eaten year-round. The biblical regulations pertaining to the original Passover, at the time of the Exodus only, also include how the meal was to be eaten: "with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD's passover" Exodus 12:11. [23] Jubilees states the sacrifice was eaten that night,[24] and together with Josephus states that nothing of the sacrifice was allowed to remain until morning. The holiday celebrates when Jews were freed from slavery in Ancient Egypt. In the Book of Exodus, the Israelites are enslaved in ancient Egypt. 10:1) that even the poorest man in Israel has an obligation to drink. Often, masks or scarecrow-like images (called “Guys”) that represent the conspirators are thrown on the top of the bonfire before it is lit to commemorate the capture, torture, and execution of Guy Fawkes and the other conspirators. In narrations recorded in the al-Hadith (sayings of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad) of Sahih al-Bukhari, it is recommended that Muslims fast on this day. Cleaning the house to remove chametz, using a candle, a feather, a wooden spoon, and a paper bag, symbolizes the removal of egotism and spiritual coarseness from life. However, most contemporary Jewish-Orthodox authorities permit using a flashlight, while some strongly encourage it due to the danger coupled with using a candle. Shmura matzo ("watched" or "guarded" matzo), is the bread of preference for the Passover Seder in Orthodox Jewish communities. Jews outside the Land of Israel celebrate the festival for eight days. Passover is a spring festival, so the 15th day of Nisan typically begins on the night of a full moon after the northern vernal equinox. The Passover Celebration includes Passover, the Feast of Unleavened Bread and the Feast of the Firstfuits. This is a as much a celebration of our spiritual freedom as the physical liberation from slavery. The English term "Passover" is first known to be recorded in the English language in William Tyndale's translation of the Bible,[5] later appearing in the King James Version as well. In the weeks before Passover, matzos are prepared for holiday consumption. The Passover begins on the 15th day of the month of Nisan, which typically falls in March or April of the Gregorian calendar. The barley had to be "eared out" (ripe) in order to have a wave-sheaf offering of the first fruits according to the Law. The Torah commandments regarding chametz are: Observant Jews spend the weeks before Passover in a flurry of thorough housecleaning, to remove every morsel of chametz from every part of the home. Called Pesach (pay-sak) in Hebrew, Passover is a celebration of freedom observed by Jews everywhere. Due to the Torah injunction not to eat chametz (leaven) during Passover (Exodus 12:15), observant families typically own complete sets of serving dishes, glassware and silverware (and in some cases, even separate dishwashers and sinks) which have never come into contact with chametz, for use only during Passover. To celebrate Passover a feast called a Seder is held on the first two nights and sometimes on the final two nights of the holiday. Under certain circumstances, some chametz utensils can be immersed in boiling water (hagalat keilim) to purge them of any traces of chametz that may have accumulated during the year. Every year, Jews are commanded to retell the Passover story. Passover noodles – Noodles prepared from potato flour and eggs, served in soup. For other uses, see, Jewish holiday which begins on 15th of the Hebrew month of Nisan, Interpretations for abstinence from leaven or yeast, Blessing for search of chametz and nullification of chametz, Separate kosher for Passover utensils and dishes, The four questions and participation of children, Chol HaMoed: The intermediate days of Passover. Shmura matzo is made from wheat that is guarded from contamination by leaven (chametz) from the time of summer harvest[39] to its baking into matzos five to ten months later. However, it is customary for synagogues to conduct a siyum (ceremony marking the completion of a section of Torah learning) right after morning prayers, and the celebratory meal that follows cancels the firstborn's obligation to fast. Find out when Passover starts and ends in 2021, … [71] Passover is also celebrated in Karaite Judaism, which rejects the Oral Torah that characterizes mainstream Rabbinic Judaism, as well as other groups claiming affiliation with Israelites. How do you celebrate Passover? [10] Several motifs replicate the features associated with the Mesopotamian Akitu festival. Another explanation is that the newborn nation which emerged after the Exodus needed time to learn their new responsibilities vis-a-vis Torah and mitzvot before accepting God's law. The Jewish holiday of Passover (in Hebrew, Pesach) commemorates the exodus of the Jews from slavery in Egypt. In the Sunni sect of Islam, it is recommended to fast on the day of Ashurah (10th of Muharram) based on narrations attributed to Muhammad. The rabbi then re-purchases the goods for less than they were sold at the end of the holiday.[49]. Passover begins on the 15th day of the Jewish month of Nisan (late March or early April in the Gregorian calendar). Each householder must put aside all the chametz he is selling into a box or cupboard, and the rabbi enters into a contract to sell all the chametz to a non-Jew (who is not obligated to celebrate the commandments) in exchange for a small down payment (e.g. On the calendars used by Karaites and Samaritans, Abib or Aviv 15 (as opposed to 'Nisan') corresponds to April 11 in 2009. Traditionally the youngest child is prompted to ask questions about the Passover seder, beginning with the words, Mah Nishtana HaLeila HaZeh (Why is this night different from all other nights?). During this meal, the story of the Exodus from Egypt is retold using a special text called the Haggadah. What Does the New Testament Say about Passover? This article is about the Jewish holiday. However, since at least the 4th century, the date has been fixed mathematically. [48], The sale of chametz may also be conducted communally via a rabbi, who becomes the "agent" for all the community's Jews through a halakhic procedure called a kinyan (acquisition). Passover is one of the most widely celebrated Jewish holidays. In either case, the afikoman must be consumed during the twelfth part of the Seder, Tzafun. Jewish law requires the elimination of olive-sized or larger quantities of leavening from one's possession, but most housekeeping goes beyond this. [67], Today, Pesach Sheni on the 14th of Iyar has the status of a very minor holiday (so much so that many of the Jewish people have never even heard of it, and it essentially does not exist outside of Orthodox and traditional Conservative Judaism). According to Muslim tradition, the Jews of Madinah used to fast on the tenth of Muharram in observance of Passover. Because of the Passover sacrifice's status as a sacred offering, the only people allowed to eat it were those who had the obligation to bring the offering. Some Christians, out of deference for traditional Gentile Easter dates, choose to celebrate Passover, or hold Seders, on the Thursday before Easter, known as Maundy Thursday , or the Last Supper observance. Each cup is connected to a different part of the seder: the first cup is for Kiddush, the second cup is connected with the recounting of the Exodus, the drinking of the third cup concludes Birkat Hamazon and the fourth cup is associated with Hallel. This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 21:23. [30], In Israel, Passover is the seven-day holiday of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, with the first and last days celebrated as legal holidays and as holy days involving holiday meals, special prayer services, and abstention from work; the intervening days are known as Chol HaMoed ("Weekdays [of] the Festival"). Although the practice of selling "Chametz" dates back many years, some Reform rabbinical authorities have come to regard it with disdain – since the supposed "new owner" never takes actual possession of the goods. Yahweh, the god of the Israelites, appears to Moses in a burning bush and commands Moses to confront Pharaoh. [40], Chametz does not include baking soda, baking powder or like products. A symbol of the Passover holiday is matzo, an unleavened flatbread made solely from flour and water which is continually worked from mixing through baking, so that it is not allowed to rise. This is followed by several lyric prayers that expound upon God's mercy and kindness, and give thanks for the survival of the Jewish people through a history of exile and hardship. Similarly, ovens may be used for Passover either by setting the self-cleaning function to the highest degree for a certain period of time, or by applying a blow torch to the interior until the oven glows red hot (a process called libun gamur).[51]. The council on intercalation considered the astronomical facts together with the religious requirements of Passover and the natural conditions of the country." There is a custom, though not Jewish law, to eat just one piece of matzo on that night.[68]. To mean the afternoon of this taking of responsibility gets what does passover celebrate without groaning by His family including children under supervision... //Www.Learnreligions.Com/All-About-Passover-Pesach-2076435 ( accessed January 22, 2021 ) daily re-enactment certain dietary associated... 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Cupid's Sweetheart

As Jennifer Lopez gears up for the next phase of her career, the ultimate LATINA icon shares lessons on love and reveals what it will take to win an academy award.

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He’s 82. Has the career-wins record. Isn’t it time to quit? Bite your tongue. As long as he’s having an impact at Penn State, Angelo Paterno’s son is staying put.

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Two scientists offer a radical plan to achieve 100 percent clean energy in 20 years.

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Hungry Like a Wolf

After selling 50 million records and performing for millions of fans in every corner of the globe, the Colombian-born singing, dancing, charity-founding dynamo Shakira is back with a new persona and a new album.

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Deep below New York City’s bustling streets lies a dangerous world inhabited by “sandhogs.” Photographer Gina LeVay offers a portal into their domain.

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After months of anticipation, insidebitcoins.com reviews the automated trading platform Bitcoin Revolution, which still makes profit even through an economic recession or pandemic....Try out the robot here now....

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