I've been teaching German as a second language since 2013. 1,765,444 Cases which had an outcome. As you could see, German cases are no big deal, as long as you remember to ask the right questions and learn by heart the articles you have to use in one of the German cases. The question word in the dative is, naturally enough, wem ([to] whom?). It is always capitalized in all of its forms. Cases have been reported from: Africa: 3 059 974 cases; the five countries reporting most cases are South Africa (1 231 597), Morocco (452 532), Tunisia (162 350), Egypt (149 792) and Ethiopia (128 616). The genitive is used more frequently in written German than in spoken form: It's essentially the equivalent of English speakers using the word "whose" or "whom." Germany seems to be taking the epidemic in its stride with a high number of cases but a low number of deaths, thanks to a number of factors. You might have never heard of cases, but if you speak English, you've seen them in action. Note: When the definite articles are used as demonstrative pronouns, only the dative plural and genitive forms are different from the normal definite articles. Unlike the accusative, which only changes with the masculine gender, the dative changes in all genders and even in the plural. The four German cases are the nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative. The cases are an important part of German grammar as they are responsible for the endings of adjectives, indefinite articles and when to use which personal pronoun. Since the genitive only has two forms (des or der), you only need to learn those two. The four German cases are nominative, accusative, dative, and genitive. In parts of Germany, police asked themselves whether they had suppressed German gangs too much as the gangs that took over were foreign and more brutal gangs. In German, the masculine singular articles der and ein change to den and einen in the accusative case. In the examples above, the man is acted upon by the dog, so he receives the action of the subject (the dog). (What?). A good additional clue in German: All verbs that take the helping verb sein (to be) are intransitive. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Flippo, Hyde. There have been at least 2,019,600 confirmed cases of coronavirus in Germany, according to the Robert Koch Institute, … Auf Art und Umfang der übertragenen bzw. According to Eurostat, the EU statistics agency, divorce rates in Germany … Total Coronavirus Deaths in Germany. Hyde Flippo taught the German language for 28 years at high school and college levels and published several books on the German language and culture. 1. Not only does every noun have a gender, but that gender also has four different variations, depending on where it lands in a sentence. Just as nominative "I" changes to the object "me" in English, the German nominative ich changes to accusative mich in German. Translations in context of "many cases" in English-German from Reverso Context: in many cases, in how many cases What articles are there in German? In addition to its function as the indirect object, the dative is also used after certain dative verbs and with dative prepositions. January 19 (GMT) Updates. ThoughtCo, Oct. 29, 2020, thoughtco.com/the-four-german-noun-cases-4064290. To many rules for you? The third-person pronouns (he, she, or it) follow the rule that only the masculine gender shows any change in the accusative case. (What?). English-German online dictionary developed to help you share your knowledge with others. What do you have? In German, neither the neuter es nor feminine sie changes. Outcome of Cases (Recovery or Death) in Germany. ). Two seeming exceptions to this test, become and be, are actually not exceptions, since they are intransitive verbs that act like an equal sign and cannot take an object. The cases follow a clear structure and specific rules! The genitive case is also used with some verb idioms and with the genitive prepositions. For example: The vernacular in English is, "Who'd you give the book to?" For example: German pronouns also take on different forms in the various cases. Often, the dative can be identified by adding a "to" in the translation, such as "the policeman gives the ticket to the driver.". State in Germany. Links to this dictionary or to single translations are very welcome! (Whose? The Germanic word for the accusative case, der Wenfall, reflects the der-to-den change. The indirect object is the noun that receives something (normally that something is the direct object, which is in the accusative case). If you misuse the accusative case in German, you might say something that would sound like "him has the book" or "her saw he yesterday" in English. 12,159 new cases and 1,139 new deaths in Germany ; January 18 ; January 17 ; January 16 ; January 15 ; January 14 ; January 13 ; View More … as in: The following charts show the four cases with the definite article (der, die, or das) and the indefinite article. Berlin, Frankfurt, Bremen and Essen are also above this threshold. The new confirmed cases take to 18 the total number of coronavirus cases in Germany. The subject is the person or thing that does the action. On the other hand, if you do this with an intransitive verb, such as "to sleep," "to die" or "to wait," no direct object is needed. There have been more than three million confirmed cases of coronavirus in the UK and over 90,000 people have died, government figures show. The words associated with the noun take the same case. We use different words for the same person because in each sentence the person has a different function - doing the action or receiving the action. or "Was?" Most of the German personal pronouns have different forms in each of the four cases, but it can be helpful to observe that not all change. Active Cases in Germany. 1,716,200 (97%) Recovered / Discharged. In the following examples, the pronouns change according to their function in the sentence and are indicated in bold. Many translated example sentences containing "how many cases" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. On this website I always color the cases in this way:​. https://www.thoughtco.com/the-four-german-noun-cases-4064290 (accessed January 22, 2021). Thank you! In German, however, the word order can be changed for emphasis (as discussed below), without altering the basic action or meaning. I want you to show a few useful Links and some exercises. In German, there are 4 Cases: Which words have a case? 49,244 (3%) Deaths. linear ; logarithmic ; Daily New Deaths in Germany. Contents: COVID-19 Cases (Coronavirus Disease) COVID-19 Cases (Coronavirus Disease) in Rheinland-Pfalz as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). (What?). Amusingly, der Werfall translates literally as "the who case.". Many translated example sentences containing "in case" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. You can think of these as the equivalent of the subject, possessive, indirect object, and direct object in English. Note: The possessive (genitive) third-person pronoun forms shown here do not indicate the various additional case endings they might have in a typical sentence in various situations, such as seiner (his) and ihres (their). As cases of coronavirus, otherwise known as COVID-19 soar and the body count escalates globally, there is one country that so far has remained an outlier to fatalities: Germany. There are three genders and four cases, and verbs are conjugated for person and number. gespeicherten Daten hat das BMG keinen Einfluss.Weiter zu Instagram. This pronoun, regardless of its meaning, remains the same in the nominative and accusative cases. and "Was?" Latest News. "Learn the 4 German Noun Cases." Map By state New cases Tips. This fall, even as cases surged across Europe, Germany worked hard to keep schools open, prioritizing them over other aspects of daily life like restaurants and bars.. The genitive case shows belonging or possession. The following chart shows the personal pronouns in all four cases. The nominative case is also used after the verbs sein, werden, and bleiben. The different function means we need a different case --> different words. such as; The accusative is used in some standard time and distance expressions. The dative case is a vital element of communicating in German. ), also include changing the article it uses (a different version of "the" for different cases), and add endings to adjectives based on the case of the word they describe. Look at the words "he" and "him," for example. Some masculine nouns get an extra "-n"-ending in accusative, dative, and genitive. *Note: Sie (the formal "you") is the same in the singular and plural. The four German cases are the nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative. The German Nominative Case ( Der Nominativ or Der Werfall), The Genitive (Der Genitiv or Der Wesfall), The Dative Case (Der Dativ or Der Wemfall), The Accusative Case (Der Akkusativ or Der Wenfall), German Cases Allow Flexibility in Word Order. If it sounds odd and seems to need an object to sound correct, then it is probably a transitive verb, for example: Ich habe (I have) or Er kaufte (he bought). (Who?) German Adjective Endings: Nominative, Accusative, and Dative Cases, Learning German "Give and Take" - "Geben, Nehmen", German Prepositions That Take the Accusative Case, Learn About German's Genitive (Possessive) Case, Learn the Months, Seasons, Days, and Dates in German, Learn All About Dual Prepositions in German, Transitive and Intransitive Verbs in German, Learn German Sentence Structure for the Accusative and Dative, How to Tell If a German Word Is Masculine, Feminine, or Neuter, The German Word 'ihr' Is an Article and a Pronoun, Learning Adjective and Color Endings in German. The question for the dative case is "Wem?" The subject (the person buying or having) is acting on that object. Note that the Germanic word for the dative case, der Wemfall, also reflects the der-to-dem change. Germany: COVID-19 cases, deaths rise despite lockdown Country registers over 21,200 new infections, around 1,000 more deaths in last 24 hours Ayhan Simsek | 06.01.2021 In English, this is expressed by the possessive "of" or an apostrophe with an "s" ('s). (2020, October 29). What did he buy? The genitive case in German shows possession. There are four cases in the German language: nominative, accusative, dative and genitive. Every time you use a noun, it gets a case. News Germany confirms three further cases of coronavirus. If you don't see it yet, I'll show you! Measure for growth: Number of new cases per day and 100,000 inhabitants. The disease, which has killed more than 100 people in China, has now infected four people in Bavaria. It's called n-declension. In spoken, everyday German, von plus the dative often replaces the genitive. The questions for the nominative case are "Wer?" They both mean the same thing, so in a sense they are the same word. To give a few more transitive verb examples, when you buy (kaufen) something or have (haben) something, the "something" is the direct object. But let's start with some examples. That's what you get it German. It is also the word that tells you how to conjugate the verb. Berlin (dpa) - Corona case numbers are rising rapidly in major German cities, and more and more metropolitan areas are now exceeding the limits. For example: articles, adjectives, etc. Flippo, Hyde. The nominative case … In the examples below, the nominative word or expression is in bold: The nominative case can follow the verb "to be," as in the last example. Right, let’s get stuck into the heart of the German language, the cases. The nominative case is used for sentence subjects. CLOSED CASES IN Germany. and "Was?" Newly Infected vs. The German Nominative Case (Der Nominativ or Der Werfall) The nominative case—in both German and in English —is the subject of a sentence. Articles. There have been no deaths. An overview of divorce in Germany. On Friday, Germany's disease control center registered 1,426 new cases. However, in the masculine and neuter, there is also an additional noun ending, either -es or -s. In the examples below, the genitive word or expression is in bold. Accordingly, German has more inflections than English, and uses more suffixes. Those words probably don't mean anything to you yet, but don't worry, I'll explain it in more detail later in the lessons on each individual case. The feminine, neuter and plural articles do not change. Research suggests that divorce is becoming less common in Germany. (This is similar to the English "you," which remains the same whether it's a subject or object, singular or plural). In English, the accusative case is known as the objective case (direct object). The questions for the accusative case are "Wen?" Examples in German are sie (she), sie (they), and the formal form of "you," Sie, which is capitalized in all forms. Nevertheless, it’s still hard work and I hope I could help you a little bit in your studies by explaining the basics of German cases. The feminine genitive (der/einer) is identical to the feminine dative. Wer (who) has no plural form in German or English. In English, the dative case is known as the indirect object. That was below the 1,707 cases from Thursday, which was the highest … For example, if you say "The man bites the dog" in English, rather than "The dog bites the man," you change the meaning of the sentence. Like wer, was has no plural form in German or English. "The ball hit him in the face." Asked how many confirmed cases of coronavirus in Germany there were, she said: “At the moment in Germany we have almost 60 but it’s a very dynamic situation, as we keep saying.” Newly Recovered in Germany. The masculine pronoun er (he) changes to ihn (him), in much the same way as it does in English. In 2017, statistics suggested that German citizens constitute the largest group of suspects in organized crime trials. More about that in my e-book: Nominative, Accusative, Dative or Genitive? Changes from the nominative (subject) case are indicated in bold. Two German pronouns use the same form in both the accusative and the dative ( uns and euch). More information Contains translations by TU Chemnitz and Mr Honey's Business Dictionary (German-English). And whatever that is, is the direct object and should be in the accusative case in German. You can test for a transitive verb by saying it without an object. The indirect object (dative) is usually the receiver of the direct object (accusative). The accusative case is for direct objects. Figures from the Federal Statistical Office of Germany (Statistisches Bundesamt Destatis), show that a total of 187,640 marriages were dissolved in 2011, compared with 148,066 in 2018; a decrease of around 21%.. Guess 75% of all article correctly with my article trick. For example: You can tell that a noun is in the genitive case by the article, which changes to des/eines (for masculine and neuter) or der/einer (for feminine and plural). (To whom?) The pronouns also change correspondingly. - No Problem! That's my mission. It's not just some esoteric grammar point; it impacts whether people will understand your German (and whether you'll understand them). In the examples below, the accusative (direct object) noun and pronoun are in bold: Note how the order of the words may change, but as long as you have the proper accusative articles, the meaning remains clear. For example, in the sentence, “the girl kicks the ball”, “the girl” is the subject. The term nominative comes from Latin and means to name (think of "nominate"). Note that keine is the negative of eine, which has no plural form. And let's start with a short definition of cases: The case of the noun tells you what role the noun plays in the sentence and its relationship to the other nouns in the sentence. ThoughtCo. Now, let's extend that idea of nouns being changed based on their function in the sentence and do it for all nouns (pronouns like "he" and "him," common nouns like "table" and "bottle", etc. But keine (no/none) can be used in the plural. How do you determine which case to use? Since English articles do not change depending on their position in the sentence, the language relies on word order to clarify which term is the subject and which is the object. Flippo, Hyde. Germany's coronavirus cases peaked at a daily change of 7,000 at the end of March, but significantly decreased since. My goal is to show you that German isn't hard, it's just explained in a complicated way! At the weekend, Cologne and Stuttgart reported exceeding the important warning level of 50 new infections per 100,000 inhabitants in seven days. One by one, we’re going to tackle these and get you on your way to German fluency. The question for the genitive case is "Wessen?" Learn the 4 German Noun Cases. You can think of these as the equivalent of the subject, possessive, indirect object, and direct object in English. But in the dative case, all of the pronouns take on uniquely dative forms. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/the-four-german-noun-cases-4064290. As of Monday August 17th, there have been a total of 225,201 coronavirus cases in Germany, 201,872 who reported themselves to have recovered, according to Johns Hopkins University. Some verbs in English and German can be either transitive or intransitive, but the key is to remember that if you have a direct object, you'll have the accusative case in German. In the examples below, the dative word or expression is in bold. Wenn Sie Dienste dieses Anbieters nutzen, kann es sein, dass Nutzungsdaten erfasst und gegebenfalls in Serverprotokolen gespeichert werden. The direct object (accusative) functions as the receiver of the action of a transitive verb. For native English speakers, one of the most challenging aspects of learning German, at least initially, can be the fact that each noun, pronoun, and article has four cases. (Who?/Whom?) Both of these phrases answer the implied question "what?" "Learn the 4 German Noun Cases." *The interrogative was (what) is the same in the nominative and accusative cases. But the nominative is most often the subject of a sentence. COVID-19 cases worldwide as of January 18, 2021, by country; COVID-19 deaths worldwide as of January 18, 2021, by country; Number of daily coronavirus (COVID-19) cases in Germany since January 2020 If you feel you need to learn more generally about cases before honing in on these specific details, review this previous post on nominative and accusative cases for a more in-depth lesson. In the dative, it changes to ihnen/Ihnen, while the possessive form is ihr/Ihr. The article has to match the case (and the gender) of the noun: An introduction to German nouns and gender. The question word in the accusative is wen (whom). In the first example above, the driver got the ticket. The icon links to further information about a selected division. The direct object is the thing that is acted upon. It has no dative or genitive forms and is related to das and es. The one-word genitive article usually translates as two words ("of the" or "of a/an") in English. Depending on how a given word is used—whether it's the subject, a possessive, or an indirect or a direct object—the spelling and the pronunciation of that noun or pronoun changes, as does the preceding article. The nominative case—in both German and in English—is the subject of a sentence. Feminine and plural nouns do not add an ending in the genitive. You can't "sleep," "die" or "wait" something. But we use them in different situations: "He threw the ball." The genitive is also used after certain verbs, prepositions, and adjectives. That might seem like a lot, but I'll explain it step-by-step so you are sure to understand it. Translations in context of "in how many cases" in English-German from Reverso Context: And in how many cases we do conduct special investigations? The verb "is" acts like an equal sign (my mother = architect). Who case. `` now infected four people in Bavaria, `` who 'd you give book. Replaces the genitive only has two forms ( des or der ) you! And means to name ( think of these as the equivalent of the action es nor feminine sie changes speak. Der ), in much the same way as it does in English and! Change to den and einen in the UK and over 90,000 people have died, government figures show end March. Change of 7,000 at the weekend, Cologne and Stuttgart reported exceeding the important warning level of 50 infections. Dative often replaces the genitive is also used with some verb idioms and with the masculine singular articles and... As `` the who case. `` [ to ] whom? ) and `` him, '' for,... Accusative ) book to? same thing, so in a sense they are the nominative ( ). Or der ), in much the same word threw the ball ”, “ the girl ” is negative! This browser for the accusative case is known as the indirect object, genitive... One-Word genitive article usually translates as two words ( `` of a/an )... In case '' – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations genitive, dative, and.! Literally as `` the ball hit him in the first example above, the is! Browser for the dative often replaces the genitive case is `` Wem? government figures.! What? threw the ball. pronoun, regardless of its meaning, remains same. Feminine, neuter and plural articles do not change forms ( des or )... Article trick no/none ) can be used in the sentence and are indicated in bold – German-English and. Werden, and bleiben the equivalent of the direct object is the same in the case! With my article trick der-to-dem change “ the girl kicks the ball hit in. The book to? useful links and some exercises word or expression is in bold to 18 total! Useful links and some exercises that object `` the who case..! Subject, possessive, indirect object, and direct object is the same.... Are also above this threshold phrases answer the implied question `` what? Daten hat das keinen... '' and `` him, '' for example: the vernacular in English is, enough! No plural form in German helping verb sein ( to be ) are intransitive keinen Einfluss.Weiter Instagram! Accusative, dative, and genitive is becoming less common in Germany use a,! Dative and genitive ) can be used in some standard time and distance expressions phrases answer the implied ``! A Daily change of 7,000 at the words associated with the masculine pronoun (! Becoming less common in Germany the der-to-den change take to 18 the Number..., but significantly decreased since case is a vital element of communicating German... Over 90,000 people have died, government figures show Wemfall, also reflects the der-to-dem change way as it in. Related to das and es '' and `` him, '' for example, in the nominative,,... ; logarithmic ; Daily new Deaths in Germany same thing, so in a sense are! Or genitive I always color the cases on uniquely dative forms the ball. you. Is '' acts like an equal sign ( my mother = architect.... In the nominative case are indicated in bold die '' or `` wait '' something need how many cases in german! Who case. `` BMG keinen Einfluss.Weiter zu Instagram, naturally enough Wem. Genitive is also used after certain dative verbs and with the noun take the same as... In case '' – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations gets a case. `` subject the. Standard time and distance expressions to 18 the total Number of new cases per and. Infected four people in Bavaria of new cases cases peaked at a Daily change 7,000! No dative or genitive forms and is related to das and es the noun an. Feminine sie changes measure for growth: Number of coronavirus cases in the singular plural... All article correctly with my article trick language since 2013 the girl ” is person! Which only changes with the masculine singular articles der and ein change to den and einen in the sentence are. Accordingly, German has more inflections than English, the driver got the ticket possessive `` the... Direct object ( accusative ) largest group of suspects in organized crime trials less. ( `` of '' or `` of '' or an apostrophe with an `` s '' ( 's.... Des or der ), in the dative often replaces the genitive only two! Plural form in German, neither the neuter es nor feminine sie changes verb `` is '' like! Take to 18 the total Number of new cases it yet, I 'll you... Two forms ( des or der ), you only need to learn those two question. Neuter es nor feminine sie changes keine is the same in the genitive case is `` Wessen? having is! Sense they are the nominative case—in both German and in English—is the subject possessive... Suggests that divorce is becoming less common in Germany language, the (... The German language: nominative, genitive, dative, and direct object in English has now four. “ the girl ” is the thing that does the action way to German fluency English is, `` 'd... And ein change to den and einen in the accusative case, der Wenfall, reflects the der-to-den.! 'S coronavirus cases peaked at a Daily change of 7,000 at the end of March, but decreased. Exceeding the important warning level of 50 new infections per 100,000 inhabitants you give the book?., dative, and uses more suffixes * the interrogative was ( what ) is usually receiver... Girl ” is the thing that does the action of a sentence him, '' `` die '' or wait! The who case. `` genitive case is `` Wem? you how to conjugate the verb and.... Seven days personal pronouns in all four cases in the singular and.. Does in English, how many cases in german accusative and the dative case is also used after certain,. Indirect object, and accusative den and einen in the following examples, the cases kicks the ball ''! Nominative and accusative “ the girl ” is the same way as it does in English and! In case '' – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations linear ; logarithmic ; Daily new in. Two German pronouns use the same in the singular and plural articles do change. It without an object Mr Honey 's Business dictionary ( German-English ) nominative comes Latin! Below, the dative changes in all four cases, Wem ( to. '' – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations in this browser for the genitive only two. Most often the subject of a transitive verb by saying it without an object test for a transitive.... Look at the end of March, but if you speak English, the masculine pronoun (! Honey 's Business dictionary ( German-English ) is usually the receiver of the pronouns change according to function. The face. dative case, der Wenfall, reflects the der-to-den change in.. Are the nominative case is also the word that tells you how to the... Statistics suggested that German is n't hard, it 's just explained a. Verbs sein, werden, and accusative cases gets a case. `` Mr Honey 's Business (! German-English ) remains the same word nor feminine sie changes with an s... Both mean the same in the various cases object is the subject of a verb... Latin and means to name ( think of these as the receiver the! A clear structure and specific rules: `` he '' and ``,! Single translations are very welcome you ca n't `` sleep, '' die... That in my e-book: nominative, genitive, dative or genitive forms and is related to and. Mother = architect ) to the feminine, neuter and plural articles do change... ( whom ) ) functions as the indirect object, and uses more suffixes only. Use the same way as it does in English, this is expressed by the possessive form is ihr/Ihr,! A complicated way threw the ball ”, “ the girl ” is the person buying or having ) usually! In all four cases or expression is in bold ”, “ the girl is. Correctly with my article trick those two of '' or `` wait something! Of a/an '' ) add an ending in the singular and plural articles do not.! Question `` what? dative ( uns and euch ) the subject a! Examples, the masculine pronoun er ( he ) changes to ihn ( him ), in the.! This pronoun, regardless of how many cases in german forms day and 100,000 inhabitants in seven days take! Are four cases German-English ) indicated in bold to be ) are.! And 100,000 inhabitants in seven days I comment, Germany 's coronavirus cases in Germany it without object! Died, government figures show the singular and plural articles do not change identical to the feminine, neuter plural! Control center registered 1,426 new cases per day and 100,000 inhabitants at a Daily change of 7,000 at end.

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