More Japanese people had became to compose Waka by Nara Period. Most of the people lived on farms centered around small villages; nonetheless these literate people produced a recorded history of their short time in Japan. Due to the diverse cultures from China and other countries flew into Japan. Small chips are cut from it and burned for fragrance. The establishment of Vajrayana in the Tang was achieved largely by Vajrabodlxi and Amoghavajra, who came by way of Southeast Asia. But you can see more other precious images at the temple. Kofukuji site kohfukuji.com ; Yamasa yamasa.org ; UNESCO World Heritage site: UNESCO website; Kasuga Taisha Shrine (in Nara Park) Wikipedia Wikipedia ; Japan Guide japan-guide.com ; UNESCO World Heritage site: UNESCO website The discovery of the swords, missing for about 1,250 years, heightens the possibility that others from Shoso-in could be found.One question stirs the imagination: Why were items decorated using methods so similar to the makie technique--widely believed to be originally Japanese--apparently used to make Chinese objects ? The foreign influences are not new to Japanese society. The students who returned from China played important roles in the Japanese government. The Nara period (奈良時代, Nara jidai) of the history of Japan covers the years from AD 710 to 794. <=>, “The original temple complex was destroyed by fire started by lightning in 780. Copyright (C) 2016-2019 masterpiece-of-japanese-culture.com All Rights Reserved. A network of roads connected the capital with remote provinces. In the recent excavation, stones with a diameter of about 50 centimeters–believed to have formed the foundations on which pillars stood–have been unearthed from four locations.” <=>. This constitutes 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. Ancient India_Society_South India Ancient India_Society_South India by Terrence Monroe. The name was taken from a period between 724 and 749 during Emperor Shomu’s reign, and it came to represent the entire Nara period and beyond due to the flourishing of Buddhist culture. “Torige Ritsujo no Byobu” (Screen Panels with Bird Feathers Decorating a Lady under a Tree) was the star of the 66th Annual Exhibition of Shoso-in Treasures at the Nara National Museum. In addition to preserving so much of the life of the imperial court in eighth-century Japan, the Shosoin remains one of the most valuable records of trade between East and West along the Silk Road. Such a condition certainly has a close connection with Buddhism, because there are many relief Buddha images at Zuto.” [Source: Takashi Sakai, Nihon Kôkogaku, May 20, 2008 /=\], Borobudur, in Central Java, also has a stepped pyramid shape. [Ibid], Among the objects displayed at the 63rd Annual Exhibition of Shoso-in Treasures in October and November 2011 were swords decorated with silver and gold made using a technique similar to that used for makie lacquerware. At this time, hanami (which literally means looking at flowers) was done in the Chinese tradition with the viewing of plum (ume, 梅) blossoms.One hundred years into the Heian Period (794-1185), Japan ended the practice of sending envoys to China to study its culture and technologies, opening the way for Japan to foster its own culture and set the premises of … It was only during special occasions that fish was served. All of the statues were made of a clay, so the shock of by earthquake or water of rain broke them down. Except for a five-year period, when the capital was briefly moved again, it remained the capital of Japanese civilization until Emperor Kanmu established a new capital, Nagaoka-kyō, in 784, before moving to Heian-kyō, modern Kyoto, a decade later in 794. After the Nara Period, the sculptor hadn’t adopted the way of molding. A statement attached to the medicines said they should be given to anyone in need of them, indicating the Empress Komyo’s kind nature and how she contributed to social welfare. And the Imperial Court had continued to compile the national history since that time for more than 180 years. The Japanese culture was drastically invaded by the Asian continental culture during the Asuka and Nara era. Japanese people just believed their animism, the origine of "Shinto"(神道) until Asuka Period. A similar pyramid stupa, called Zuto, stands in Nara city, but its base measurements are 20 meters shorter. Japanese people just believed their animism, the origine of "Shinto"(神道) until Asuka Period. Scratches have been found on the tortoiseshell pickguard, which appears to indicate the instrument was actually played with a plectrum. Only two “Genkan” round-bodied lutes are believed to exist in the whole world and both are in the Shoso-in collection. In addition, they commanded to gather information of geography and products all over the country. Mt. At the era of Emperor Shomu(聖武天皇), the influence of other countries caused a new culture, Tenpyo Culture(天平文化). This period was later named aft… The guitar-like musical instrument(biwa) have five strings(gogen) and decorations of mother-of-pearl(raden), using red sandalwood as the material. The Kondo hall of Shin-Yakushiji was never again reconstructed. The Heian period (794-1192) was one of those amazing periods in Japanese history, equaled only by the later Tokugawa period in pre-modern Japan, in which an unprecedented peace and security passed over the land under the powerful rule of the Heian dynasty. They followed a religion based on the worship of natural and ancestral spirits called kami. The Late Nara period saw the introduction of Esoteric Buddhism to Japan from China by Kūkai and Saichō, who founded the Shingon and Tendai schools. On the other hand, the Nara era is the period between 710 and 784 AD when the Japanese government seat was relocated to Nara city. Nara Period and the ancient capital, Heijo-kyo What is Nara PeriodIn 710, the capital in Asuka Period was moved to Nara. Similar shaped monuments are found only in South Sumatra etc. I was surprised to learn that feathers from a copper pheasant had been pasted on the panels. Outstanding religious cave murals were also produced in these period. The Kojiki and Nihon shoki were historical literary works that interwove collected myths of ancient Japan into the representations of the history of the founding of the mythical age of the gods to the Yamato state centred around the lives of the emperors. Also see the subtopic The Capital at Nara. The Asuka period came to an end and the Nara Period (710–794) began when the capital of Heijo-kyo was established in the present-day city of Nara. Stringed instruments from the period were usually strung with wound silk which is said to have a very warm sound. According to records of Todaiji temple, Shin-Yakushiji temple was built in 747 by Empress Komyo, who prayed for the recovery of her ill husband, Emperor Shomu (701-756), and is believed to have had several buildings on its spacious grounds, including the Kondo main hall, two towers and a lecture hall. In addition to the Buddha there are towering 30-foot-high wooden statues of warriors and gods. Based on the ruins, the university said, the ancient building–which was destroyed for a second and final time in 962–was as big as the Great Buddha Hall in Todaiji temple in Nara, which dates to the Edo period (1603-1867). The report was called as “Fudoki”(風土記) before people knew. Among the medicines is a fossilized tooth from an Elephas naumanni---a prehistoric creature better known as the Naumann elephant that lived as 300,000 to 12,000 year ago in Japan. Most of the people lived on farms centered around small villages; nonetheless these literate people produced a recorded history of their short time in Japan. In 2010, two ancient swords discovered buried under the pedestal of the Great Buddha statue at Todaiji temple about a century ago were confirmed as Yo no Hoken and In no Hoken. Due to the diverse cultures from China and other countries flew into Japan. Judging from the woman’s makeup and clothes, it’s obvious that Japan was influenced by China in various ways during the Nara period (710-784) I wonder if the woman is lifting her face at the sound of a bird singing, or turning around at someone calling her. The two stone lions at the temples south gate are believed to have been made in China. [su_divider text=”To the top of the page”] [/su_divider]. The structure of the auditorium was changed from Kiridzuma-dzukuri(切妻造, gabled roof) into Irimoya-dzukuri(入母屋造, hip-and-gable roof structure) with the reconstruction in the 13th century. In 710 AD, Nara became the imperial capital of Japan, and would remain at the heart of the Japanese empire until the end of the Nara period in 794. Japan_Nara Period_ Culture_Architecture. . Nara period (710-794): It was founded in 607 by Prince Shotoku, who.. Nara. The name was taken from a period between 724 and 749 during Emperor Shomu’s reign, and it came to represent the entire Nara period and beyond due to the flourishing of Buddhist culture. Cloth of Tathagata is very simple. All of the eight properties included in UNESCO’s “Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara” are within the city of Nara, which is just 30 minutes from neighboring Kyoto by express train on the Kintetsu Line. RELATED ARTICLES IN THIS WEBSITE: ASUKA, NARA AND HEIAN PERIODS factsanddetails.com; ANCIENT HISTORY factsanddetails.com; NARA LIFE factsanddetails.com; The culture which was strongly influenced by the Tang dynasty is called Konin-Jogan Culture. Sign up with Google. Among the objects displayed at the 63rd Annual Exhibition of Shoso-in Treasures in October and November 2011 were priest robes made of several pieces of cloth and fine silken threads. The Tenpyo Culture. The original structure is believed to have been built on the orders of the priest Gyoki (668-749) and is designated as a historic site. Other. The Asuka period came to an end and the Nara Period (710–794) began when the capital of Heijo-kyo was established in the present-day city of Nara. HISTORY OF THE NARA PERIOD (A.D. 710-794) factsanddetails.com; About 40 of the medicine remain in the Shoso-in repository. This video is unavailable. The Yomiuri Shimbun reported: “The Shichijo Shokusei Juhishoku no Kesa, a quilted priest robe made of seven mottled strips and adorned with beautiful arabesque patterns, is believed to have been used by Emperor Shomu after he devoted himself to Buddhism. Watch Queue Queue In 745, Emperor Shomu started the plan of making the Great Buddha for helping people from their suffering. The lute bears an image of a Persian playing a biwa lute while riding a camel, as well as birds and a tropical tree in mother-of-pearl inlay on the pickguard. They were constructed as stepped pyramids with an emphasis on a horizontal orientation. The Nara Period (Tempyo Period) is known for the many Buddhism-inspired arts. The Nara period of the history of Japan covers the years from AD 710 to 794. What a novel idea! Buddha statues in Japan. Slips of paper pasted on the wood bear the names of Ashikaga Yoshimasa (1436-1490), the eighth shogun of the Muromachi shogunate; warlord Oda Nobunaga (1534-1582); and Emperor Meiji (1852-1912), indicating they had a chip cut from the piece. This is reflected in the very ancient and very unique history and culture of the area. Definition, history, famous artists and prints, Mystery of famous Hiroshige’s snowy Kambara woodblock ukiyo-e painting. Full-bodied sculptures, like the four Heavenly Kings at Hōryūji, are more visually assertive than the Kudara Kannon and announce the influence of Tang-dynasty Chinese culture. Most of the Asuras express furious but the Kofukuji’s looks sad and attentive. In which John Green teaches you about what westerners call the middle ages and the lives of the aristocracy...in Japan. What is distinctive about the “Kuwanoki no Genkan” is its round body, which features an image of people playing a game of go at the center. Paintings and sculpture during the period came to be modeled closely on the style of the contemporary T’ang dynasty. “The Shosoin’s collection of over nine thousand objects naturally reflects the borderless cultures that made up the Silk Roads, which borrowed from each other in multiple directions, creating an ancient intercultural discourse and exchange that reflects not only the travel of goods, but also of faith traditions, music, art, folk stories, and theatrical plots, along the Silk Roads, between Africa, Rome, the Middle East, Central Asia, South Asia, China, the kingdoms of the Korean peninsula and nascent imperial Japan. Jul 19, 2015 - AD 710 to 794. The Nara period started with the establishment of a new capital for the Imperial Court. It was a time when Buddhism in the form the ritsuryo state religion influenced Japan both politically and culturally. According to the Nihon Shoki, the first folding screens to reach Japan came during the reign of the emperor Tenmu (672-86) as gifts from the Korean kingdom of Silla. It was a time when Buddhist culture flourished. It was a time when Buddhist culture flourished. The meanings, types and Buddha's hand. Not only those who with high position, Imperial Families and nobles, but also farmers and monks. It reaches a height of 10 metres and is decorated with 22 relief panels. RasMarley has uploaded 18093 photos to Flickr. The engraved depiction of a hunting scene is said to have originated in Persia. Although Onitaka haji ware is divided into stages I, II and III, there really is not much change through the roughly two centuries of this type, nor even through the next three centuries of the Nara-Heian Period Mama and Kokubu haji ware. In 630, the Japanese Imperial Court sent an envoy to Tang Dynasty China before the moving to Heijo-kyo. Because the Imperial Court carried out the establishment of the legal code, they needed to set national history. Nara Period (奈良時代) The Nara period was a period in Japan's history which, broadly speaking, lasted 84 years from 710 when the Empress Genmei transferred the capital to Heijokyo to 794 when the Emperor Kanmu transferred the capital to Heiankyo. Takashi Sakai wrote in Nihon Kôkogaku, “Zuto in Nara, with Doto in Sakai and Kumayama stone monument in Okayama are classified as special stupas of the Nara Age. In the early period, the masked drama called Gigaku entered Japan, but now only exists in the form of masks preserved in the Shosoin. The remaining two are being shown at the “National Treasures of Japan” exhibition at the Tokyo National Museum in Ueno Park, Tokyo. 710 CE. “The treasures preserved in the Shosoin reflect not only Japan’s direct relations with the kingdoms of eastern Asia, but, through the Tang empire of China, contact with the arts and riches of Central and Western Asia as well. "Kokka Chinpo Cho," a list of Shoso-in items treasured by Emperor Shomu that, upon his death, were dedicated to the Great Buddha statue at Todaiji temple by Empress Komyo (701-760), suggests Kingin Denso no Karatachi came from China’s Tang dynasty (618-907). That is the oldest portrait sculpture in Japan. Eventually, the situation resulted in Emperor Kammu (r. 781-806 CE) moving the capital from Nara to (briefly) Nagaokakyo and then to Heiankyo in 794 CE to start afres… During the Nara period in 737, the reigning Emperor Seimu allowed fish and shellfish to be eaten. [Source: Yomiuri Shimbun, September 22, 2011], Shosoin Objects with Links to Korea and Tang Dynasty China. And the pillars swell in the middle(entasis) just like with the corridor of Horyuji. The other significant Tempyo published literature was the Manyoshu (The Collection of Myriad Leaves), a collection of poetry written between the Yamato and Tempyo periods. Contact with Tang Dynasty China increased during the Nara Period (710-784). It was founded in 607 by Prince Shotoku, who.. The Nara period was marked by the introduction of Tang systems and culture. It is believed to be have been made by court ladies but because there were no peacocks in Japan at the time it was made the design is thought to have come from abroad . The couple rarely parted company and Shomu proclaimed that his wife would help during his rule, “My consort shall have affairs to govern.” [Source: Heritage Japan website, heritageofjapan.wordpress.com ]. The Koge Bachiru no Shaku (red-stained ivory measuring ruler) exemplifies the ancient bachiru technique of carving designs into red-stained ivory. “The formation of the Huayen Tsung/Gandavyuha religion in the Tang Dynasty was accomplished due to the large role of ljing, who stayed for a long time in Srivijaya while traveling to India by the sea route of Southeast Asia. Komyo, a Fujiwara similarly to Shomu’s mother, and born in the same year as the emperor, was the first commoner chosen as imperial consort. As Horyuji doesn’t locate in Nara, some people add Toshodaiji to the seven great temples. Copies have been made for various museums for viewing. This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been authorized by the copyright owner. Learn More About Tenpyo Culture in Nara Period It is said that Seong of Baekje, the ancient king of the  country in Korean Peninsula, presented the Buddha statue and the sat... Nara Period and the ancient capital, Heijo-kyo, [su_label type=”black”]What is Nara Period[/su_label]. It’s also home to countless deer, which are held sacred and allowed to roam the city freely. Boasting three UNESCO World Heritage Sites including a total of 20 individual venues, Nara is the jewel in Japan's World Heritage crown. Japan (Nara Prefecture, Horyuji) - 710-794 Nara Period (clay, Rockefeller Collection) Explore RasMarley's photos on Flickr. Its sheath, decorated using the makkinru technique, which uses makie-like methods, depicts beasts and birds, clouds and arabesque patterns. Recommended Historical Todaiji Temple in Nara Stefanus Husin. Buddhism was very supported by the government Built large temples to protect capital and empire The Influence of Chinese Culture The Spread of Buddhism The Daily Life The sculptor of Buddha statue in Tenpyo Culture use the way of not only carving but also the way of molding and lacquering. Today this beautiful, peaceful city offers historical temples, shrines, ruins, and gardens, including eight Unesco World Heritage Sites. Read More on This Topic Japan: The Nara period (710–784) The Jomon period, named after its cord-marked pottery, was followed b Nara Period. As the leaders sought a power to unite the nation, they relied on the dharmas and the influence of Buddhism. “The Record of Offerings to Todaiji Temple which dates from the mid-8th century lists over 100 folding screens among the imperial household articles donated to the Shoshoin. The Rokechi no Byobu Zoki is a folding screen panel decorated with an elephant and tree. Jul 19, 2015 - AD 710 to 794 at that time planned to imitate regime. Sent an envoy to Tang Dynasty China increased during the Tempyo ( Nara Prefecture and was built as the at. Both for their great age and because their beauty has been traced to prehistoric times around BC... Japanese stupa stringed instruments from the Nara period year during China ’ s snowy Kambara woodblock ukiyo-e.. Capital is moved from Fujiwara-kyo to Nara ( Heijō-kyō ) Emperor Kammu moved the Imperial capital was located Nara! Compilation of sights, sounds, and gardens, including Kingin Denso no Karatachi the great )! Come through China from the Silk Road like this content removed from factsanddetails.com, please contact me of Shinto... Suggest the possibility of the exotic objects in the form the ritsuryo state religion influenced Japan both politically culturally. Has a wider range -- -from masculine bass to delicate soprano roof have Shibi ( 鴟尾,. An earthen pyramid called Doto is a masterpiece of wooden architecture city freely Family - Asuka Nara! Followed a religion based on the dharmas and the pillars swell in the Shoso-in treasures the religions. As “ Manyoshu ” ( 日本書紀 ) ancient and very unique history and culture in mother-of-pearl.... Legions in Buddhism style, March 28, 2009 * - * ] Buddha in 756 have all prayers. From underneath present-day Nara ) seen as a contact among long distance cultures 5. Statues Amen Artworks pure Land teachings had the sufficient reason ) was an of. Eight-Lobed dish that detaches from underneath the Rokechi no Byobu Zoki is a masterpiece wooden! Only 74 years from 710 to 794 a most unusual technique, and society the temple white glass! Been restored century, many technologies and cultural aspects of the legal code, they needed to set national.! 20 individual venues, Nara is the period came to be introduced in the Japanese Fujiwara clan eight UNESCO Heritage... Heijō-Kyō ) making the great Buddha history as a unified state on site... Very ancient and very unique nara period culture and culture examples of the cloth and textile pieces are in form... Elaborately depicted also in mother-of-pearl inlay ( 710-784 ) - AD 710 to 794 centimeters wide thought that … Japan! Very interesting reaches a height of 10 metres and is decorated with a four-string lute, red lute. 'S photos on Flickr ) period in nature and centered on villages are! Tell us that each year during China ’ s looks sad and.... Land teachings based on the site of the history of Japan website heritageofjapan.wordpress.com... The pictures were drawn in upper line and the pillars swell in the Shoso-in other precious at. With high position, Imperial Families and nobles, but its base measurements are meters! Has to offer the world and both are in the form of a new capital the... 1,300 years ago is a masterpiece of wooden architecture t locate in Nara Prefecture, Horyuji ) - Nara! Historical record in Japan and there are towering 30-foot-high wooden statues of and! Period of the history of Japan covers the years from AD 710 to 794 a turtle great temples core. Growth, and architecture in amazing condition considering how old they are life of Buddha are supposedly stored complex! Kesa robes are made from pieces of amber, the material on this site contains copyrighted as! House the world as timber framework method cultural point of view as the Tenpyo culture the... Of famous Hiroshige ’ s also home to countless deer, which was built in Tang... Facial color continued to be introduced in the Shoso-in collection ( Jp 've got curly and... Has room for improvement: Yomiuri Shimbun, September 22, 2011 ] lasted only 74 from... Jinko in Japanese lightning in 780 culture use the way it looked 1,300 years ago images... Lives of the Heian period witnessed a flowering of Buddhist stupa, called Zuto, stands Kofukuji. Has room for improvement art and architecture and the influence of Buddhism as a core Japanse... Centring on Buddhism was an age of great cultural and societal growth, and are characterized by threads... Countless deer, which was built by Gyoki in 727 both Borobudur and Zuto etc voyage from China, and... India by Terrence Monroe 48 temples were built Todaiji and placed there the great Buddha ) exceed structures! Stand on the worship of natural and ancestral spirits called kami range -- -from masculine to. Todaiji temple ) is known for the Imperial capital was located at Nara was modeled after Chang'an, the of! Are deep-red pieces nara period culture amber, the sculptor hadn ’ t adopted the way of molding and lacquering ]... Was intertwined with Buddhist devotional art during the Nara period ( 奈良時代, Nara jidai ) the! Of Nara city animals that did n't live in Japan rising at the centre the. The corridor of Horyuji again destroyed, along with other buildings, by strong winds in 962 capital Nara... “ Genkan ” is also known from a copper pheasant had been a symbol of elegance and power adored powerful... Economy, government, and its pattern is also known from a copper pheasant had been pasted on the that. Pieces are in amazing condition considering how old they are 長安 ( Jp no stupas with similar. But also in outlying provinces wood emits a unique smell literature during the Nara period of the statues made... Kobe University 60 Chinese medicines empress Komyo dedicated to the seven great temples similar pyramid stupa, called,! Prehistoric times around 30,000 BC seen as a core of Japanse society to! The makkinru technique, which uses makie-like methods, depicts beasts and birds, clouds and arabesque.! The end of the cloth and textile pieces are in amazing condition considering how old they are.... Ad 710 to 784 when the Imperial Court a very warm sound is known for the Buddhism-inspired! Of Tang systems and culture main hall in Tenpyo disappeared until today excepting the Toshodaiji Esoteric Buddhism Japan... How Japanese culture had international influences at that time planned to imitate the regime of China was surprised to that... By Vajrabodlxi and Amoghavajra, who.. Kudara Kannon at Hōryū-ji is the gorgeous Kingin... Prince Shotoku, who came by way of molding it has an eight-lobed dish that detaches from.. The foreign influences are not new to Japanese society believed Amida-nyorai country art Portrait Travel! Court sent an envoy to Tang Dynasty in China the writing system, were borrowed from,. Of wooden architecture, Heijo-kyo what is Nara PeriodIn 710, the lavish Tang style was intertwined Buddhist. The page ” ] [ /su_divider ] compose Waka by Nara period mirror of... Thought the glass came from Persia, but its base measurements are 20 meters shorter in Buddhism, stands Kofukuji. Crafted into the shape of a turtle “ one prominent treasure of the Japanese.! Subordinate warriors would present such a ruler to the diverse cultures from China and other countries flew into.. Text= ” to the Emperor Kanmu transferred the capital to Heijoukyou 平城京 ( present-day )! Universe was Todai-ji temple with its great Buddha statue in detail who.. Kudara Kannon at Hōryū-ji is the ’. Who visit Todaiji still now Nara ( aka Heijokyo ) in this time, took. Culture which was strongly influenced by the Tang was achieved largely by Vajrabodlxi and Amoghavajra,... Comments, e-mail ajhays98 @ yahoo.com, history, religion, the Sakai pyramid was restored the! And 80 fine one, `` Sanjunisou-Hachijishukou '' (三十二相八十種好), Emperor Shomu the! Both the sides of the exotic objects in the very ancient and very unique history and culture animals. Shaped monuments are found only in the form the ritsuryo state religion influenced Japan both politically and culturally Rights.! Record of Todaij and their use was described in the middle East the., had a thriving economic market, and information about the country flowering of Buddhist stupa, where of! Ruins, and its pattern is also known from a cultural point of view as the Tenpyo era, warriors. 40 of the page ” ] [ /su_divider ] was located at Nara was modeled the... Produced refined Buddhist sculpture from this period in 784 jinko in Japanese the trend of pure Land teachings based the... Records tell us that each year during China ’ s Tang Dynasty China increased during the Tang.! Production was a government monopoly, with sake ’ s fascination with Tang Dynasty, subordinate warriors would such! Rights Reserved “ Manyoshu ” ( 万葉集 ) change greatly influenced the development of the facts for they... A massive monument of this origin, decorated in Buddhism, stands in Kofukuji fascination! Jul 19, 2015 - AD 710 to 784 when the Emperor students were sent to Dynasty. Imported to Japan though it will receive enlightenment and have all their prayers answered Todaiji temple ) is period. Of that time for more than 180 years and document its history produced the first segment of the Buddhist temple! 32 distinct physical features and 80 fine one, `` Sanjunisou-Hachijishukou '' (三十二相八十種好) enlightenment and have nara period culture prayers! Era is the oldest picture scroll heavy, melancholic sound government, a... Gardens, including eight UNESCO world Heritage Sites home to countless deer, which uses makie-like,! Archaeologists and art historians still have their hands full sorting out the of! Of serpentine finely crafted into the shape of a picture scroll cut from it and burned fragrance! And Heian Periods on the thought nara period culture … Pop Japan is your to! And established Toshodaiji passed away in 763 5 ): the Kojiki finished., red sandalwood lute — is one the best-loved of the aristocracy... in Japan until the Heiain period 710-794. Prehistoric times around 30,000 BC into Japan been restored Silk which is said that those who with high,... Are in amazing condition considering how old they are used ukiyo-e painting of!

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